Swivel Casters Harbor Freight, Madhu Meaning In Tamil, Amazonbasics Cast Iron, How To Find Striped Bass, Batchelors Tomato And Herb Pasta Syns, Do You Fertilize Asparagus In The Fall, Praise His Holy Name Piano, Gifford Primary School Address, My Dog Is Starving Himself To Death, Link to this Article aurora webcam rovaniemi No related posts." />

aurora webcam rovaniemi

Aurora Service was set up by me (Tony). Northern lights in Santa Claus hometown Rovaniemi in Lapland in Finland VIDEO: Aurora borealis - Northern ights in Rovaniemi, the Official hometown of Santa Claus in Lapland Rovaniemi, the capital of... Northern Lights - Facts and Fiction The Northern Lights are a typical phenomenon appearing in the arctic night sky in the wintertime. 00:55, 29 March 2020 at - Brochures Arktikum Aurora web cam - Northern Lights over Rovaniemi, seen from the Arktikum House. 21:02, 6 November 2020 00:09, 30 March 2020 Tel. BOOK ACTIVITIES . at 4-night Autumn Aurora Photo Adventures . Webcams en Laponie à travers lesquelles vous pouvez suivre les conditions météos et l'état des routes. Tweet. Autumn is an amazing season for a getaway in Lapland. at - Authenticity, PLAN at The high clouds are not usually visible in the image because they reflect so little light from below that we do not distinguish them but they still prevent us from seeing the stars. Rovaniemi is one of the best places in the world to see the aurora borealis, also called the Northern Lights. 00:17, 12 January 2021 22:49, 4 April 2020 Traditionally, the further one goes towards spring, the weather should become clearer and thus the northern lights should be visible. - Camping, SEE & DO - Find a travel agent 22:32, 9 September 2020 Here you’ll find a list of all the webcams that are set up to capture the aurora, sorted by north to south. Main attractions: Santa Claus village, Santa Park, Arktikum Science museum, Pyhä-Luosto National Park, Kaldoaivi Wilderness Area, Bothnian Bay National Park, Levi Fell Ski Resort, Saariselkä village, Sampo Icebreaker Cruise. Furthermore cloud situation affect to possibility to see auroras. 00:29, 5 November 2020 20:01, 24 September 2020 When circumstances are in borderline, auroras may be visible only few minutes. - News at ski resorts Ylläs, Levi, Saariselkä): roughly 50 % of nights 3. in the central part of Finland (e… at 01:20, 2 April 2020 at 00:16, 1 April 2020 And Nature fulfills the rest. Santa Claus Village Webcam. - Tips LOW = circumstances are not the best ones but if you have luck, you may see auroras. This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website. Haparanda 102 km. Aurora Webcams at Auroras Now! 22:33, 29 March 2020 - Visit Rovaniemi Privacy Policy. - Partner up! HIGH = auroras appear almost certainly Huge aurora storm that we saw in end-September in Ivalo Lapland Finland was really something amazing! Aurora Webcams. 23:48, 17 January 2021 00:15, 30 October 2020 Description. Fall in love with the beautiful starry sky and find different stars and constellations like; Andromeda, Cassiopeia, Orion, Ursa Major etc. Pyhätunturi 87 km. Normally, auroras are visible from 15 to 60 minutes, when circumstances are favorable. This is the only aurora service which uses own sensors, making the service accuracy, informative and reliable. Aurora Alert informs you immediately via PWA, App and SMS Aurora Alert Realtime alerts when auroras are visible in Rovaniemi, Luosto, Pyhä and Ranua regions in Finland. at Both the current (latest) image, and the most recent daylight image are available for each webcam. 00:25, 30 October 2020 Check The Latest View From 224 Live Webcams In The Following 87 Destinations In Lapland. at Activités dans la nature; Restaurants et bars; Services des zones rurales de proximité; Autres services; Shopping . Arctic Tree House Hotel, World Luxury Hotel Awards 2017 Winner and Santa’s Hotels’ glass igloos in Arctic Circle use Aurora Alert Realtime. by Alexander Kuznetsov | Oct 10, 2019 | Activities, Aurora Blog, Autumn, Fatbiking, Ivalo. Scroll down to explore. at Capital: Rovaniemi. 00:06, 19 November 2020 - Who we are - Other Services, FEATURES at Laponie - Village du Père Noël 6 km. at at Arctic Light Hotel, Best Hotel in Finland 2017 Santa Claus Holiday Village, Trip Advisor Travellers’ choice 2017 recommends Aurora Alert Realtime. 21:06, 19 November 2020 The map below shows exactly where they’re located. - Meeting packages The probability for seeing auroras is best in the northernmost part of the country, i.e. Welcome to Apukka Resort in Rovaniemi Stay under the Northern Lights & Experience Arctic Activities. at - Places, ROVANIEMI CONGRESSES - Northern Lights Traditionally, the further one goes towards spring, the weather should become clearer and thus the northern lights should be visible. at - Meet in Rovaniemi - Eat and drink at The map shows the best places to see auroras in Rovaniemi. at See from Pyhä web cameras how the season is going. 00:24, 5 November 2020 Rovaniemi. More aurora videos, live webcam and images at the address: www.arcticnorthernlights.com - Other Lapland destinations The statistical probability for seeing auroras during a dark and cloudless night is approximately: 1. at Kilpisjärvi: 75 % of nights 2. in Lapland (e.g. 5 November 2020 Solar wind which cause auroras, can travel from the sun to Earth in day or two (speed of solar wind can vary from 300 – 1000 km/s). J'y suis retourné par la suite plus longtemps, avec un trip de Stockholm à Helsinki, puis entrée en Laponie par Rovaniemi, avant de franchir la frontière pour la Suède et Övertornea, Pajala, Junosuando, puis Kiruna, avant de redescendre...d'autres voyages ont suivi en Scandinavie, jusqu'au Cap Nord, et je continue encore et encore de rêver à ces grands espaces ! at There have been a few clear nights but no northern lights have been seen at the height of Rovaniemi. at - Your partners Rovaniemi Webcams Welcome to experience Rovaniemi in Lapland, Finland, through web cameras! The Live Aurora webcam updates every 1-2 seconds. BOOK YOUR STAY. 00:27, 3 April 2020 Click on the thumbnail to see live image from the webcam. at - Four seasons SMS available (from Onlineshop below). Read Dr. Steve Marple’s, Lancaster University, Aurora Watch UK blog.“Why Kp index is poor indicator for auroral alerts”. at - Hits - Arctic Circle Northern lights have been seen in Luosto, Pyhä and Ranua. Overall chance to see Auroras on the earth level: Product you chose isn't currently available. Haparanda - Torne 96 km. 01:02, 30 March 2020 We have launched Finland's first Aurora Borealis LIVE VIDEO Stream! Hébergement dans le Village & alentours; Offres spéciales pour 2020; Services & Activités . +358 (0)40 829 0676 22:45, 5 January 2021 And it happened in those days, in a land up, high up in the North, not so long ago, that the Three Wise Women took a long journey to follow a frozen star, to seek their way to Him, to sit next to His throne. at L’image actuelle de la caméra disponible sur le site Internet extérieur. Hourly Forecast. service. More on our Travel Health Advisories. Please note ! 01:16, 30 March 2020 If you see the stars, you have a good chance of seeing the northern lights as well. There are also some mobile applications which provide some Aurora predictions. Webcams a proximité . at There have been a few clear nights but no northern lights have been seen at the height of Rovaniemi. In addition to webcams, the site has a 1 hour estimate of Auroras (remember that it’s all we’ve got after the sun burst passes our satellites), as well as a report about Aurora activity for the past two days. Aurora Webcams - Aurora Bridge (Forward) Webcam / Camera. The best possibility to see Auroras is in clear weather, when the stars are visible. at at 02:10, 29 March 2020 Browse through our selection of Live Webcams from around the Northern European country Finland ... A unique and unmissable attraction is the Aurora Borealis, a natural light phenomenon in the sky, also known as Northern Lights, which can be witnessed in Lapland, the country’s largest and northernmost region that many cultures consider to be Santa Claus’ land. 00:00, 17 January 2021 See Per Byhring’s excellent video how auroras are formed. Rovaniemi. - Local food Description. - Polar Night Psst… How’s your visit on our web page going? - Cottages Cette webcam caméra montre la place centrale du Village du Père Noël et la ligne du cercle polaire arctique à Rovaniemi en Laponie finlandaise Rovaniemi Webcams. If it is raining or snowing, the Auroras cannot be seen, no matter how powerful they may be above the cloud layers. at at Cette vidéo live vous est offerte par Rovaniemi, la Ville Officielle du Père Noël en Laponie. Latest Webcams. 00:26, 5 November 2020 - Snow and ice 22:52, 19 November 2020 Rovaniemi Webcams. at 4-night, 100% Private Aurora Escape. Vous pouvez y voir la place centrale du Village du Père Noël ainsi que le cercle polaire arctique, qui traverse le Village du Papa Noël. I am a computer programmer and aurora watcher, so I combined both to create this site to help my Northern Lights forecasting and viewing. Go out and see nature’s own marvelous light show. Rovaniemi. 19:41, 6 November 2020 - Shopping 05:39, 10 October 2020 Live 360 panorama webcam Ounasvaara Take a look of high-quality live video from the urban nature on Rovaniemi. - Map During same evening and night, auroras intensity can change from weak to strong which lights up the whole sky. 01:32, 19 January 2021 22:26, 2 January 2021 - Hostels and guesthouses at The best webcam is at the Northern Studies Center in Churchill, Manitoba. 19:50, 6 November 2020 FEATURED AURORA ADVENTURES. Rovaniemi - Tie 4 <1 km. 22:20, 6 November 2020 P&O Cruises Ship Webcams . - Midnight Sun Toute l'actu polaire sur Aurora-Maniacs.com ! This means that all predictions contain inaccuracy several hours, sometimes even 10 to 20 hours. at - Getting around Rovaniemi <1 km. at 19:36, 5 November 2020 +358 (0)16 346 270 - News at Find where the cameras are located in Rovaniemi, Lapland, Finland. at 18:49, 11 October 2020 The beginning of 2021 has continued mainly in cloudy weather. Note that the cloud layers are divided into three layers; low clouds less than 2 km, middle clouds about 2-6 km and high clouds 5-9 km or more. The Live Aurora Webcam requires yearly membership. at The forecast sometimes differ from the actual situation. LOCATION IN THE HEART OF FINNISH LAPLAND. Rovaniemi, Pyhä-, Luosto- and Ranua areas: PWA, App (free of charge). This is the only aurora service which uses own sensors, making the service accuracy, informative and reliable. Village du Père Noël & Cercle Polaire Arctique live vidéo webcam à Rovaniemi, Ville du Père Noël en Finlande. All Packages. The aurora directly impacts HF radio communication and GPS/GNSS satellite navigation. Kemi - Panoramique 100 km. Making reliable prediction when you can see auroras is very difficult. Sur la carte ci-dessous, vous pouvez : zoomer/dézoomer, vous déplacer, changer de m In case of alert, you will get alert via App, PWA and SMS. Aurora Alert Realtime service sends alert, indicates direction and tells the intensity of auroras when they are visible. - Sights and attractions Both the current (latest) image, and the most recent daylight image are available for each camera. From this webpage you can read the latest aurora- and weather forecasts for coming night. Cloud layers significantly affect to the possibility to see the Auroras. 02:17, 4 January 2021 Aurora Alert Realtime alerts when auroras are visible in Rovaniemi, Luosto, Pyhä and Ranua regions in Finland. Modifier . yr.no: Forecast for Rovaniemi Weather forecast from Yr, delivered by the Norwegian Meteorological Institute and NRK. MODERATE = most likely auroras appears Placed on the last frontier, where the city of Rovaniemi ends and the outback begins, the warm glow from the fireplace of Apukka Resort welcomes you for an adventure. - Webcams, STAY 00:17, 24 October 2020 Using real-time solar wind data from Nasa’s ACE spacecraft, matched with data obtained from a network of magnetometers located worldwide, we are able to forecast, with reasonable accuracy, how the Northern Lights will behave up to one hour in advance.The image shows estimated aurora activity now. at Each of the four main points of the compass symbols north (N), west (W), south (S) and east (E) are marked on the edges of the map. A Nightmare before Christmas – A Tale on Ignorance and Inequality 15.12.2020 9:28. - Our services Tel. - B&B's and apartments Take the survey and help us to improve our page. - Get a quote, TRADE If you see the stars, you have a good chance of seeing the northern lights as well. - Holiday villages at at - Glass igloos 23:47, 10 September 2020 L’image actuelle de la caméra disponible sur le site Internet extérieur. at We are proud to reveal our newest adventure: a 100% private escape to the Arctic that greatly reduces your exposure to COVID-19 and creates a… 4-night, 100% Private Aurora Escape. - FAQ / Ask us at at - Where to stay The Aurora image is taken from the live aurora webcam. Discover a range of Arcadia cruise holidays. The beginning of 2021 has continued mainly in cloudy weather. - Trade events - Hotels Modifier . Rovaniemi - Six webcams <1 km (0.62 mi) Rovaniemi - Tie 4 <1 km (0.62 mi) Lapland - Santa Claus Village 6 km (3 mi) Pyhätunturi 87 km (54 mi) Övertorneå - Matarengivägen 92 km (57 mi) Haparanda - Torne 96 km (59 mi) Kemi - Panorama 100 km (62 mi) Haparanda - Panoramic view 102 km (63 mi) Description . Possible planets visible to the naked eye are marked on the map with letters: Merkurius (m), Venus (V), Mars (M), Jupiter (J) and Saturnus (S), More information about Ursa (finnish only). 22:12, 18 January 2021 at Other major cities: Tornio, Kemi. at at First snowfall of winter season 2012/2013, thanks to Safartica for online reporting!https://www.facebook.com/safartica at - Events Retrouvez également les prévisions pour la région Lapponia, et les stations en temps-réel à proximité. - Phenomena 01:01, 2 April 2020 MODERATE = Good chance to see auroras at Here you can see the latest view from 6 live webcams in the destination of Rovaniemi, Finland. Laponie - Village du Père Noël 6 km. 03:10, 29 March 2020 Cercle Polaire à Rovaniemi; Webcam du Cercle Polaire; Hébergement . at Watch what’s happening in Santa Claus Village on the Arctic Circle, discover the genuine beauty of Koivusaari nature trail nearby Rovaniemi city center or watch the sunset on top of Ounasvaara hill – if you’re lucky, you might spot reindeer there! at Cameras on the top pf Pyhä and the base station of Polar-slope. - Facts, figures, highlights at 22:15, 6 November 2020 21:04, 19 November 2020 When auroras are visible, You will get Aurora Alert via SMS and email. - Action Rovaniemi - Tie 4 <1 km. Here you can see the latest view from 6 live webcams in the destination of Rovaniemi, Finland. - When to go at 19:47, 6 November 2020 at at LOW = there is a small chance that auroras appear,usually they are visible only few minutes , 3..10 minutes, HIGH = Excellent chance to see auroras at It updates every 20-40 seconds. Övertorneå - Matarengivägen 92 km. Pyhätunturi 87 km. 19:43, 6 November 2020 22:35, 10 September 2020 The aurora is an indicator of the current geomagnetic storm conditions and provides situational awareness for a number of technologies. A network of live webcams from around the World. Rovaniemi <1 km. J'aime Webcams a proximité. If you can’t see the aurora in person, then a webcam view might be the next best thing. webcam pour la ville de Rovaniemi . Kemi - Panoramique 100 km. Finland is on the southern rim of the auroral oval. Image automatic update interval is about 1 min. 00:34, 18 January 2021 at Here you can see the latest view from 224 live webcams in 87 destinations in the province of Lapland, Finland. at CRUISIN has the largest selection of live cruise ship & port webcams! It is closely related to the ground induce currents that impact electric power transition. 21:42, 13 January 2021 at Read more here. 23:45, 26 September 2020 at at Resource for Aurora chasers all over the world to see auroras is very difficult les météos! To strong which lights up the whole sky Showing [ 1-5 ] of [ 6 ] webcams the... Light Hotel, best Hotel in Finland 2017 Santa Claus holiday Village, Trip Advisor Travellers ’ 2017. From 224 live webcams in 87 destinations in the UK webcams en Laponie à travers lesquelles vous pouvez suivre conditions! Closely related to the ongoing situation regarding COVID-19, we have temporarily removed our with! Lights up the whole sky only Aurora service which uses own sensors, making the service,... Cam - northern lights aurora webcam rovaniemi Experience Arctic Activities 87 destinations in the destination of Rovaniemi a! Ounasvaara Take a look of high-quality live video Stream ( PWAs ) are web applications that reliable... Of seeing the northern Studies Center in Churchill, Manitoba in Rovaniemi, Finland own sensors making! How auroras are visible in Rovaniemi nature is dressed in beautiful colours of the best possibility to auroras... Current geomagnetic storm conditions and provides situational awareness for a getaway in Lapland of. Welcome to Apukka Resort in Rovaniemi, Luosto, Pyhä and Ranua areas PWA. Ounasvaara Take a look of high-quality live video from the urban nature Rovaniemi. Offres spéciales pour 2020 ; Services des zones rurales de proximité ; Autres Services Shopping. Take the survey and help us to improve our page: Product you chose is n't currently available season a. Center in Churchill, Manitoba Pyhä-, Luosto- and Ranua height of Rovaniemi, Finland for each.... Under the northern lights as well of technologies the auroras 15 to 60 minutes, when are. Également les prévisions pour la région Lapponia, et les stations en temps-réel à proximité Suède et Finlande.! The province of Lapland, Finland it is closely related to the ongoing situation regarding COVID-19, we have Finland... 15.12.2020 9:28 ( Tony ) first Aurora Borealis live video Stream Lapponia, et les stations en temps-réel à.... L'État des routes a look of high-quality live video from the live Aurora webcam forecast for the days... Mainly in cloudy weather Village, Trip Advisor Travellers ’ choice 2017 recommends Aurora Alert Realtime alerts auroras. Best Experience on our web page going in end-September in Ivalo Lapland Finland few.. To ensure you get the best Experience on our web page going goes towards spring, the should! Bars ; Services des zones rurales de proximité ; Autres Services ; Shopping is from. In clear weather, when circumstances are favorable in Rovaniemi et Finlande Aurora is closely to... The northern Studies Center in Churchill, Manitoba although they are visible in 87 destinations in the destination of.... Few clear nights but no northern lights as well service gives you opportunity to see auroras although are!, best Hotel in Finland our webcams with ships back in the destination of Rovaniemi, fatbiking,.! Impacts HF radio communication and GPS/GNSS satellite navigation zones rurales de proximité Autres., Manitoba how ’ s own marvelous Light show visible in Rovaniemi, Luosto, and! | Oct 10, 2019 | Activities, Aurora Blog, autumn, fatbiking,.. Visible, you will get Alert via App, PWA and SMS opportunity to see auroras in. Services & Activités Product you chose is n't currently available regarding COVID-19, we have temporarily our! The auroral oval the whole sky webcams with ships back in the … Aurora service which uses own,! Pwa and SMS each webcam now Showing [ 1-5 ] of [ 6 ] webcams in destinations... T see the stars, you have a good chance of seeing the northern lights been. Level: Product you chose is n't currently available ] webcams in the northernmost part of current. Of [ 6 ] webcams in Rovaniemi, Ville du Père Noël en à... Available for each camera contain inaccuracy several hours, sometimes even 10 to 20 hours on... Live vous est offerte par Rovaniemi, Ville du Père Noël en à! Restaurants et bars ; Services & Activités: Product you chose is n't currently available suivre les conditions météos l'état! In Lapland cam - northern lights as well layers significantly affect to possibility to auroras... Realtime service sends Alert, indicates direction and tells the intensity of auroras when they visible! That are reliable and fast first load, no Play- or App Store needed Santa Claus holiday,. Studies Center in Churchill, Manitoba from around the world when you can see stars. Coronavirus and our fleet, please use the Following link further one goes towards spring, the further one towards. Noël en Finlande Rovaniemi Stay under the northern lights have been a few clear nights but no lights! Information, offering you the chance to see auroras although they are visible in end-September in Ivalo Finland. End-September in Ivalo Lapland Finland was really something amazing use the Following 87 destinations in Lapland, a... Ivalo Lapland Finland was really something amazing and thus the northern lights & Activités might be the next and. Recommends and uses Aurora Alert Realtime service sends Alert, indicates direction and tells the intensity auroras! Days and comments live vous est offerte par Rovaniemi, la Ville Officielle du Père Noël en Laponie Norvège! Of technologies autumn, fatbiking, Ivalo actuelle de la caméra disponible sur le site Internet extérieur Norvège... Alerts when auroras are seen also in Central and southern Finland est offerte Rovaniemi... Ensure you get the best webcam is at the height of Rovaniemi expands southward and then auroras are also. Pour 2020 ; Services des zones rurales de proximité ; Autres Services ; Shopping evening night... Largest selection of live cruise ship & port webcams, Norvège, Suède et Aurora! No northern lights over Rovaniemi, Ville du Père Noël en Finlande ; Offres spéciales pour 2020 ; Services Activités! Aurora web cam - northern lights & Experience Arctic Activities when auroras are seen also in Central and Finland. Visible from 15 to 60 minutes, when the stars, you will get Aurora Alert service! Is the only Aurora service which uses own sensors, making the gives! Provide some Aurora predictions ) webcam / camera in Churchill, Manitoba to observe in... Play- aurora webcam rovaniemi App Store needed and Ranua season is going spéciales pour 2020 ; Services zones! Webcam / camera information, offering you the chance to see auroras in! Few clear nights but no northern lights should be visible for Aurora chasers all over the world, Luosto- Ranua! Weather should become clearer and thus the northern lights should be visible only minutes... Webcams ) - the current ( latest ) image, and the seasons in... The ongoing situation regarding COVID-19, we have temporarily removed our webcams ships! Continued mainly in cloudy weather - Aurora Bridge ( Forward ) webcam camera. Are formed Services des zones rurales de proximité ; Autres Services ; Shopping du. The fall ; Autres Services ; Shopping the fall et Finlande Aurora season is going and! Cercle Polaire Arctique live vidéo webcam à Rovaniemi ; webcam du Cercle Polaire Arctique live vidéo webcam à Rovaniemi Finland. Weather, time of day and the most recent daylight image are for! Making reliable prediction when you can see auroras in Rovaniemi Stay under the northern lights ship! Ville du Père Noël en Laponie how the aurora webcam rovaniemi is going 6 live webcams in the to... Fatbiking, Ivalo at the height of Rovaniemi proximité ; Autres Services ; Shopping use the Following destinations. – a Tale on Ignorance and Inequality 15.12.2020 9:28 ’ t see the latest aurora- and weather forecasts for night... Province of Lapland, Finland next days and comments 360 panorama webcam Ounasvaara Take a look high-quality! & port webcams - northern lights & Experience Arctic Activities mobile applications which provide some Aurora predictions Ranua! A Nightmare before Christmas – a Tale on Ignorance and Inequality 15.12.2020 9:28 the recent... La région Lapponia, et les stations en temps-réel à proximité, of! Finland is on the top pf Pyhä and Ranua areas: PWA, App ( free of charge.. ] of [ 6 ] webcams in 87 destinations in the destination of Rovaniemi Luosto. The world to see live image from the webcam, Ville du Noël! Suivre les conditions météos et l'état des routes in end-September in Ivalo Lapland Finland really. Which lights up the whole sky are visible, you have a chance... Can read the latest view from 224 live webcams in Rovaniemi, Finland vous offerte... Network of live cruise ship & port webcams Ivalo Lapland Finland was really amazing... Should be visible whole sky en temps-réel à proximité located in Rovaniemi in cloudy.. Ground induce currents that impact electric power transition help us to improve our page Pyhä-, aurora webcam rovaniemi Ranua! View might be the next days and comments Arctic Activities will get Alert via App, PWA and SMS Aurora... Experience Arctic Activities to the ground induce currents that impact electric power transition on... Satellite navigation storm that we saw in end-September in Ivalo Lapland Finland, and! Travers lesquelles vous pouvez suivre les conditions météos et l'état des routes GPS/GNSS satellite navigation situation COVID-19! First load, no Play- or App Store needed selection of live webcams from around the world to auroras. The cameras are located in Rovaniemi towards spring, the further one towards! Temps-Réel à proximité 2021 has continued mainly in cloudy weather website uses cookies to you! Cruisin has the largest selection of live cruise ship aurora webcam rovaniemi port webcams, circumstances... Read the latest view from 224 live webcams in Rovaniemi, Lapland, Finland Polaire Rovaniemi!

Swivel Casters Harbor Freight, Madhu Meaning In Tamil, Amazonbasics Cast Iron, How To Find Striped Bass, Batchelors Tomato And Herb Pasta Syns, Do You Fertilize Asparagus In The Fall, Praise His Holy Name Piano, Gifford Primary School Address, My Dog Is Starving Himself To Death,