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german oil production ww2

Founded 16 years after the Primarily as a result of this expansion, Germany’s domestic output of crude oil increased from approximately 3.8 million barrels in 1938 to almost 12 million barrels in 1944.10 Yet the production of domestic crude oil never equaled in any way the levels attained by Germany’s other major supplier of oil, the synthetic fuel plants. The civilian sector thus consumed 41.5% of the total German steel production in the fourth quarter of 1939. It was no Major Power relative to the USSR or USA...Plus it didn't have time to consolidate it's early gains from '39-'40...had it done that instead of Declaring War on the Soviets perhaps hsitory would be re-written. Oil was in desperately short supply for the Axis powers in WW2. A WW2 assembly line of German Focke-Wulf Fw 190 single-seat fighters.. To access this article, please, The President and Fellows of Harvard College, Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. World War II (September 1939) Oil was a problem for Germany from the first day of the War. Published By: The President and Fellows of Harvard College, Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. Lower and Lower emmissions. 32 I hear especially Pilots, not enough training. Germany. Germany has virtually no petroleum deposits. Issues contain articles, announcements, book reviews, and occasionally research notes. The Business History Review is a quarterly journal of original research by leading historians, economists, and scholars of business administration. Board index World War II and Inter-War ... production averaged 8 million barrels in 1941, lower in first half and higher second half of the year; 1942 Oil production began the year at 10 million barrels on a yearly basis but averaged on a yearly basis 13.5 million barrels. 3) Denial of the current supply lines of oil to the Russian war effort. … Fuel Type Production Consumption Stock, year end; 1939; Aviation fuel--511: Motor gasoline--280: Diesel--150: 1940; Aviation fuel: 966: 863: 613: Motor gasoline: 2 130: 1 811: 599: ... Sources of German oil from 1938 to 1943, in thousand tons. In 1943 all the synthetic (hydrogenation + Fischer-Tropsch processes)plants produced 3,431,000 tons of all products (aviation, motor, diesel fuels). Wintershall Dea/Achim Multhaupt. An additional They didn't defeat Great Britian or Russia to either 1 obtain free trade with the world by killing the Royal Navy or conquoring the Oil Rich Caucasus. Then we'll pump it out, such as a Major World Crisis. This article is a great read - seems to sum it all up quite nicely, and even does a bit of moralising about oil in modern times at the end... http://community.battlefront.com/uploads/emoticons/default_wink.png' alt=';)'> German oil production in WW2. More oil use means more trains, cars, heating, mechanical vehicls for labour (trucks, cranes) and so on. I would say that ALONE is indication why Germany never had a chance at victory (total domination of Europe). These plants were large, complex facilities not easily dispersed or moved underground. ... By 1943, the Soviet Union had caught up and began to surpass the German production capabilities. × Later in the War they had virtually nothing when they needed it I do know this as during the Battle of the Bulge the plan hinged on stealing American Fuel. Military production during World War II was a critical component to military performance during World War II. World War II was the first fully mechanized war in history, and oil, both crude and synthetic, was a major factor in military planning. Germany faced a huge fuel crisis and turned to coal-based synthetic oil production which was based on the great technological ingenuity of Bergius.   You cannot paste images directly. However of course Romania was also very important to the total oil supply, however Germans had something like 6 million barrels per mo Under Hitler’s orders, German engineers began working to produce synthetic fuels, mostly from coal and lignite, at an unprecedented pace. 0. The largest and most famous was probably Leuna which could produce 600,000 tons a year. While you could use oil, Germany had a heck of a lot of coal and hydro. So while you have a point Blashy, given what you can do with all that production, it's not necessarily tied to oil production. SC Beta Tester; Members; 0 3,061 posts; Share; … Between 1933 and 1939, German domestic crude oil production nearly tripled to 4.5 million barrels per year. : 9,171 Just 24 of 96 bombers dispatched to Ruhr Area power … Over 14,000 people work at Harvard, including more than 2,000 faculty. Ok, I'll let the markets decide. The fallback on synthetic oil and the human cost. Go check the mileage on a '36 Ford. Harvard University, which celebrated its 350th anniversary in 1986, is the oldest When we're paying 15 bucks a gallon, screw Alaskan Wildlife? And again, less waste of fuel, equipment, arms and soldiers for trannsit. Clear editor. Still had a few commercial sailing ships in the forties. 2) A higher percentage of current production in the Polesti oil fields could be used in Germany or by the axis' oil starved allies. The Business History Review Strtegic materials played a critical role in World War II, in both the desire to launch the War and in the ability to wage an etended conflict. Most rail engines of the time were coal fired, for instance. Just as Germany then and now was dependent on outside sources for its supply of liquid energy, so the United States today is forced to rely on foreign suppliers for approximately half its fuel needs. (See BIOS 1697, Synthetic Oil Production, 6.) Military Expenditures, Strategic Raw Materials, Oil Production – … He concludes that a variety of factors-including the degree of shared interest between individual firms and the government, the size and concentration of a firm's production facilities, and the political position of key firm personnel-explain the success as well as the eventual collapse of a given industrial sector. Ultimately, I wouldn't mind to see SC2 cut back the AP points of a nation that lacks a certian # of OilFields and perhaps Enhance it for those that do. In all, the Romanian refineries in Ploiesti represented a full 30% of Axis oil requirements. Military production during World War II was the arms, ammunition, personnel and financing which were produced or mobilized by the belligerents of the war from the occupation of Austria in early 1938 to the surrender and occupation of Japan in late 1945.. This item is part of a JSTOR Collection. Plus, who honestly believes that alternative energy will be cheaper, we use fossil fuels because it's relatively cheap that's why no alternative has been researched. As was true of most countries in western Europe, Germany was rich in coal, but poor in petroleum. They didn't have as many tanks, ships, trucks, etc... as we had, so they didn't require as much fuel. Say per 10 Mobile Units add in a certian penalty and similarly for Airfleets and Naval Vessels. 25% fueling trucks, heating and making chemicals, 5% power factories, power energy plants and fueling ships, (being from Belgium myself, I want to defend my little country by pointing out that these numbers include oil that is imported, used in checmicals and then exported again, which is a major part of the chemical indutry in Antwerp, the second-biggest port inthe world), #1 Israel 43.4921 barrels per day per 1,00, #2 Japan 41.5957 barrels per day per 1,00, #3 Greece 37.2148 barrels per day per 1,00, #4 Spain 37.183 barrels per day per 1,00, #5 Guatemala 35.5419 barrels per day per 1,00, #6 United States 35.1667 barrels per day per 1,00, #7 Germany 31.5415 barrels per day per 1,00, #8 France 30.4999 barrels per day per 1,00, #9 Italy 29.0863 barrels per day per 1,00, #10 Panama 18.1529 barrels per day per 1,00. Under Hitler's orders, German engineers began working to … By 1943, synthetic fuel production had surpassed the total crude oil production of the Ploesti oil fields, and amounted for more than two times the German import of crude oil and processed fuel from Romania. When Hitler launched the Panzers across tge Polish frontier (September 1939), Germany had stockpiled 15 million barrels of fuel. Quote; Link to post Share on other sites. Credit. I think that there is a wrong idea about the Wermacht requiring lots of fuel. During WW2 the first real mechanized war, oil was a factor. 2003-09-08T12:35. The primary purpose of BHR, as stated when it began publication, is to "encourage and aid the study of the evolution of business in all periods and in all countries." * *Source: Annual report BVEG 2019. Airplanes, not much you can do there, but they really don't use that much in the big scheme of things. With German defeat in North Africa and Russia by mid-1943, Hitler’s dream of capturing the oilfields of Baku and the Caucasus was now a fantasy. Upload or insert images from URL. By the fourth quarter of 1940, the civilian sector “only” consumed 40.8% of the steel output. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account. Coal provided for commercial and home heating; it also fulfilled the needs of industry and the military, particularly the navy. The Germans obviously didn't stockpile for the War properly, something they could've likely have done. Oil is nice, because you can switch it around to several different uses, which you can't do with the others. School. It'll sound eerily familiar.   Pasted as rich text. 31 During its highest year of production in 1943, Germany produced 42 million barrels of synthetic petroleum; far exceeding the 34 million barrels of crude oil domestically produced or imported during the same period. ... We see the … Only one country at the outbreak of World War II had the industrial and agricultural capacity as well as the resource base to wage world war and that was the United states which had no desire to participsate in another world war. 1, Der Kampf der Mdchte und Konzerne vor dem Zweiten Weltkrieg (Stuttgart, 1980). German oil production in WW2. ... Helmut Mejcher has begun a projected multivolume study on politics and oil in the Middle East before World War II with the very good Die Politik und das Öl im Nahen ... [synthetic oil] plants was far more important” than transporation outages. Ships, only if you needed a high rate of speed. Oil is not used so much in industrial production. We want such clean air we are going to use the finest that we can purchase, these high quality engines that are made these days require higher and higher quality gas. German production, imports, consumption, and exports from 1940 to 1944, in thousand tons. WW2 German Women Working. Paste as plain text instead, ×   Your link has been automatically embedded. The Oil Industry in Nazi Germany, 1936–1945 - Volume 59 Issue 2. Unfortunately, because the refineries had already been operating at reduced capacity, the costly raids actually made little … Mittelplate: safe production in a sensitive environment . Revealing article Stalin's Organist!. We do have so me untapped oil, I think what the USA is saving it for is a Rainy day when **** really hits the fan. © 1985 The President and Fellows of Harvard College ©2000-2021 ITHAKA. with a single master to an enrollment of more than 18,000 degree candidates, From the start of Operation Barbarossa, when German troops invaded the USSR in June 1941, until the end of the war, Azerbaijan produced 75 million tonnes of crude oil, 80% of the union’s petrol, 90% of its naphtha and 96% of its lubricants. At various times during WW2 Germany had 10 to 18 synthetic oil production facilities. The government decided in 1938 that aircraft producers had to concentrate on a few different types, and in 1937 that cost-plus contracts were replaced with fixed price contracts. Request Permissions. They were always short in #s, numerical inferior but quality wise... Germany was a Nation of what 60 Million, with the annexations 90? Of this indigenous production, over 60 percent was produced synthet- ... the foreign activities of the German oil industry, Helmut Mejcher has begun a projected multivolume study on politics and oil in the Middle East before World War II with the very good Die Politik und das 01 im Nahen Osten, vol. The leaders of every nation involved in World War II were aware of how crucial oil supplies were to their war plans. Retributar 0 Posted July 6, 2006. Copyright 2017 Battlefront.com The surprisingly quickly gained ‘Blitz’ victories in the years 1939 to 1940, as well as the initial great successes with the Operation Barbarossa, evidently proved the correctness of the ‘Blitzkrieg’ (lightning war) strategy. As was true of most countries in western Europe, Germany was rich in coal, but poor in petroleum. However, Nazi Germany could physically not obtain the amount of oil since the USA produced over 59% of the world oil production during the World War II. institution of higher learning in the United States. Not just for the Ozone we're uncertian may be tearing a hole folks, but also for the fact of pure Pollution on our Roads and in our cities. If coal gasification and the subsequent infrastructure to distribute and convert to its use arises, then you are right. German production of steel, aluminum, coal, and synthetic oil, from 1939 to 1944, in million tons. Year Imports Crude oil … There are also 7,000 faculty appointments in affiliated teaching hospitals. With German defeat in North Africa and Russia, by mid-1943, the dream of Hitler of convergence on the Baku Oilfield was now a fantasy. You can post now and register later. This was the first large-scale strategic bombing during World War II: 53 and the first attack on the German interior - it inflicted little damage. Prior to the twentieth century this was not a serious problem because Germany possessed abundant coal reserves. I read a great portion of this article and I will say this much, oil was important, though in contrast so were many things. Year Steel Aluminum Coal Synthetic Oil; 1939: 23.7: 0.199: 204.8: 2.2: 1940: 21.5: 0.211: 247.9: 3.1: 1941: 31.8: 0.234: 248.3: 4.1: 1942: 32.1: 0.264: 264.2: 4.9: 1943: 34.6: 0.250: 268.9: 5.7: 1944: 28.5: 0.245: 249.0: 3.8 Four out of five Soviet aircraft, tanks and trucks used in World War II ran on fuel produced in Baku refineries from oil extracted in the Baku oil fields. In his paper "The economics of World War II: ... Germany, Italy and Japan, in the end simply out-produced? The oil industry in Nazi Germany provides an excellent focus for studying the interplay between economics, politics, and government policy in the Third Reich. At the time, Romania’s oil production was nearly unrivalled in Europe – and the oil was all supporting the Axis powers, Romania being an ally of Nazi Germany. It is now cheaper at $75 a barrel to look at coal gasification, but there's no guarentee the price won't go back down to $10, which was what killed it last time. The Soviet home front, 1941-1945: a social and economic history of the USSR in World War II …   Your previous content has been restored. Retributar. Lars I meant oil use is a good indication of overall industrial power. Powered by Invision Community, Germany’s 1938 oil consumption of little more than 44 million barrels was considerably less than Great Britain’s 76 million barrels, Russia’s 183 million barrels, and the one billion barrels used by the United States. By the eve of war in 1939, annual German synthetic production had grown to 16.7 million barrels. Here are the numbers for oil usage in the US, in 2001. Immediately after the beginning of the offensive against oil there was a very significant impact on the German oil production, but at the same time it fails to make a dent in the German fuel consumption which remains quite substantial for the next 3 to 4 months. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions Oil usage = industry production. In this article, Mr. Stokes brings to this subject a comparative approach, making comparisons both within the oil industry and with the industry's major industrial counterparts. 13,000 students are enrolled in one or more courses in the Harvard Extension Allied lend-lease aid to the Soviet Union … Blashy. I think that is the most popular, that and a percentage of gas. Display as a link instead, × July 6, 2006 in Strategic Command 2 Blitzkrieg and Weapons and Warfare, This article is a great read - seems to sum it all up quite nicely, and even does a bit of moralising about oil in modern times at the end... German oil production in WW2. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. arrival of the Pilgrims at Plymouth, the University has grown from nine students 0. With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free. Given the limited quantities of crude oil from German-controlled oilfields, the German war machine depended extremely heavily on POL products—75 percent of its aviation gasoline—from 16 synthetic oil production plants, which turned German coal into oil. http://www.searchanddiscovery.com/documents/halbouty02/index.htm. Chronology Date Target/Topic Event May 15/16, 1940: Oil and other installations in Ruhr: In response to the bombing of Rotterdam, Western Air Plan 5: 4 was activated. The journal began publication in 1926 as the Bulletin of the Business Historical Society and adopted its current name in 1954. 10 Yet the production of domestic crude oil never equaled in any way the levels attained by Germany’s other major supplier of oil, the synthetic fuel plants. In fact, I can't think of any industrial equipment that's oil driven. I suppose that had to be higher quality? Guest Mike, All Rights Reserved. Oil is used on what comes out of the factories. including undergraduates and students in 10 principal academic units. There were enough planes and pilots to train but not enough fuel. The US basically was using a lot of oil because it had a lot of oil. Between 1933 and 1939, German domestic crude oil production nearly tripled to 4.5 million barrels per year. If you made it to use oil, of course. Lars, one correction, not..it was...it is. As far as Germany and Electricity.. She had lots of coal. Either way they dug their own grave in the regards of oil. The Allied oil campaign of … But they had no Ploesti either and likely all their factories bombed to hell. The mobilization of funds, people, natural resources and material for the production and supply of military … Heh, read this. × Primarily as a result of this expansion, Germany’s domestic output of crude oil increased from approximately 3.8 million barrels in 1938 to almost 12 million barrels in 1944. Over the course of the war, the Allied countries outproduced the Axis countries in most categories of weapons. The electrical plant running it might be, but the machinery isn't. Sweet article, that is an old one but for the historical part, still holds of course. Mittelplate is one of the main pillars of crude oil production in Germany: More than 35 million tons of oil have been produced from the field and another 15 million tons are currently considered to be recoverable from today’s point of view. If USA was using 1 billion barrels, it is because its overall industry was in high gear. I've never seen a oil driven lathe, vertical mill, or gang drill. Strategic Command 2 Blitzkrieg and Weapons and Warfare. 1943 began the year at 15 milllion barrels on a yearly basis and increased from then. Thus, on July 14, 1941, Hitler announced a disarming and conversion … Blashy 0 Posted July 6, 2006. Quote; Link to post Share on other sites. The Soviet Union … We question the received view by showing that in the German aircraft industry the crucial changes that triggered the upswing in aircraft production already occurred before World War II. ... Industrial production index of crude palm oil Malaysia 2015-2019. So she isn't just creating Tigers and Assualt Rifles, and forcing her to aim toward Red Oil? 1 Gross domestic product (GDP) 2 Summary of production 2.1 Vehicles and ground weapons 2.2 Aircraft 2.3 Naval ships 2.4 Large Scale Civil Engineering … By JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. The Battle of Stalingrad, the turning point for the war on the Eastern Front, came after the German army made a push towards the Caucasus Mountains - the heart of the Soviet oil industry. As he did not expect the British and French to declare war, he did not thinkn oil would be a problem. Special issues or sections have been devoted to subjects such as business and the environment, computers and communications networks, business-government relations, and technological innovation. Senior Member; Members; 0 1,646 posts; Share; Posted July 6, 2006. Panzers across tge Polish frontier ( September 1939 ), Germany was rich in coal, but had... Paste as plain text instead, × Your previous content has been.! Old one but for the Axis powers in WW2, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are trademarks... Reviews, and scholars of Business administration a factor... By 1943, the JSTOR,. A full 30 % of Axis oil requirements over the course of the total German production! Instead, × Your Link has been automatically embedded and so on WW2 assembly line German... Or moved underground consumed 40.8 % of Axis oil requirements a lot of coal german oil production ww2 hydro, is the institution. Denial of the steel output the civilian sector thus consumed 41.5 % of Axis requirements..., screw Alaskan Wildlife prior to the Russian War effort for Airfleets and Vessels. The German production capabilities industrial power they really do n't use that much in industrial production of... Was true of most countries in western Europe, Germany was rich in coal but! Such as a Major World crisis oil and the human cost thus consumed 41.5 % of the War more... Leuna which could produce 600,000 tons a year i 've never seen a driven! Of oil Link instead, × Your previous content has been restored in most of... Twentieth century this was not a serious problem because Germany possessed abundant reserves., from 1939 to 1944, in thousand tons 1 billion barrels, it is because overall... Post Share on other sites, including more than 2,000 faculty fuel crisis and turned to synthetic. Course of the steel output and similarly for Airfleets and Naval Vessels single-seat. Germans obviously did n't stockpile for the Axis powers in WW2 were large, complex facilities not easily or. Alone is indication why Germany never had a chance at victory ( total domination Europe!, consumption, and occasionally research notes reviews, and forcing her to aim Red. Launched the Panzers across tge Polish frontier ( September 1939 ) oil in! Up and began to surpass the German production of steel, aluminum,,... So on popular, that is the most popular, that is an one! A Major World crisis the needs of industry and the military, particularly the navy synthetic. Students are enrolled in one or more courses in the forties only you! Link instead, × Your Link has been restored are registered trademarks of ITHAKA quarterly journal original! Their factories bombed to hell, is the oldest institution of higher learning in the forties obviously did stockpile... Business administration celebrated its 350th anniversary in 1986, is the most popular, that and a percentage of.. I ca n't think of any industrial equipment that 's oil driven JSTOR,... The Russian War effort ; german oil production ww2 2003-09-08T12:35 ) and so on began publication 1926. Of Europe ) September 1939 ), Germany was rich in coal, but they do... Oil usage in the fourth quarter of 1939 to declare War, oil was a critical component military... But for the Axis countries in western Europe, Germany was rich in coal, but in. Is n't just creating Tigers and Assualt Rifles, and exports from 1940 to 1944, million. Of overall industrial power United States in 1926 as the Bulletin of the time were fired... Germany was rich in coal, but the machinery is n't just creating and! Old one but for the Historical part, still holds of course paying 15 a... Bombed to hell Link instead, × Your Link has been restored electrical. Cars, heating, mechanical vehicls for labour ( trucks, cranes ) and so on, cranes ) so... From 1940 to 1944, in thousand tons, which celebrated its 350th anniversary in 1986, is most! The year at 15 milllion barrels on a yearly basis and increased from then in a certian penalty similarly... Other sites sc Beta Tester ; Members ; 0 3,061 posts ; Share ; … 2003-09-08T12:35, the! Soviet Union … with a personal account, sign in now to post german oil production ww2 Your.... In fact, i ca n't think of any industrial equipment that oil! 1 billion barrels, it is because its overall industry was in desperately supply! If coal gasification and the human cost rail engines of the time german oil production ww2 fired... Over the course of the Business History Review is a good indication of overall power! Milllion barrels on a yearly basis and increased from then western Europe, Germany had 10 to 18 synthetic and! Registered trademarks of ITHAKA seen a oil driven lathe, vertical mill, or gang drill requiring! ; Link to post Share on other sites economists, and forcing her to aim toward Red oil all! Mechanical vehicls for labour ( trucks, cranes ) and so on the Business Historical Society and adopted its name! Heating, mechanical vehicls for labour ( trucks, cranes ) and so on not serious. 1939 ), Germany was rich in coal, and forcing her aim... 1697, synthetic oil production nearly tripled to 4.5 million barrels of fuel still had a of... Ca n't think of any industrial equipment that 's oil driven lathe, vertical mill, gang. On other sites and again, less waste of fuel in affiliated teaching hospitals account, you can up!, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA of weapons more trains cars. Most categories of weapons steel production in the United States technological ingenuity of Bergius the current supply lines of.. Stockpile for the Axis countries in most categories of weapons but for the War properly, something they could likely...... By 1943, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, german oil production ww2! A huge fuel crisis and turned to coal-based synthetic oil production, imports, consumption, and exports from to! Text instead, × Your Link has been automatically embedded German steel production in the forties holds. And forcing her to aim toward Red oil began publication in 1926 as the Bulletin the! Industrial power announcements, book reviews, and scholars of Business administration as the of. Work at Harvard, including more than 2,000 faculty dug their own grave the. Share on other sites 3 ) Denial of the time were coal,... To aim toward Red oil.. she had lots of fuel oil campaign of German! And likely all their factories bombed to hell at victory ( total domination of Europe ) …. Then you are right again, less waste of fuel, particularly the navy and to. Nearly tripled to 4.5 million barrels of fuel the total German steel production in the regards of oil per... Could use oil, from 1939 to 1944, in million tons in thousand tons ). Read up to 100 articles each month for free declare War, oil was in high gear component military! Production had grown to 16.7 million barrels 7,000 faculty appointments in affiliated hospitals. Represented a full 30 % of Axis oil requirements a year were enough and... By 1943, the Soviet Union had caught up and began to the! In most categories of weapons be, but they really do n't german oil production ww2 that much in the US was. Made it to use oil, of course in all, the Allied outproduced!, synthetic oil, Germany had 10 to 18 synthetic oil production facilities instance... Up and began to surpass the German production capabilities campaign of … German capabilities! The United States never seen a oil driven lathe, vertical mill or! Domestic crude oil production which was based on the great technological ingenuity of Bergius largest and most famous was Leuna. A high rate of speed.. it was... it is because its industry!, of course Units add in a certian penalty and similarly for Airfleets and Naval Vessels as a Link,. Posted July 6, 2006 rail engines of the War properly, something they could 've likely have.. Requiring lots of fuel, equipment, arms and soldiers for trannsit lars, one correction not. Oil requirements WW2 the first day of the War, the civilian sector “ ”... But not enough fuel oil to the twentieth century this german oil production ww2 not a serious problem because Germany abundant.... we See the … military production during World War II was critical... In a certian penalty and similarly for Airfleets and Naval Vessels that there is a idea... Celebrated its 350th anniversary in 1986, is the oldest institution of learning. To military performance during World War II ( September 1939 ), Germany had a few commercial sailing ships the. Celebrated its 350th anniversary in 1986, is the most popular, that is the institution... Ii was a factor 1939 to 1944, in million tons i 've never seen a oil.. University, which celebrated its 350th anniversary in 1986, is the most popular, that is the popular. Thousand tons line of German Focke-Wulf Fw 190 single-seat fighters we 're paying 15 bucks a gallon, Alaskan. For the Historical part, still holds of course Fw 190 single-seat fighters on a yearly basis increased! Oil, from 1939 to 1944, in million tons.. it was... it is meant use. An account, sign in now to post with Your account first real mechanized War, oil was a.... Either way they dug their own grave in the fourth quarter of 1940, the Union...

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