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Sit around the bars and drink, and pose, and pretend, all you want to, but in … He launched a series of articles in McClure's, called "Tweed Days in St. Louis", that would later be published together in a book titled The Shame of the Cities. Hence, in 1892, Steffens joined the, Advertisement trying to get citizens to read Lincoln Steffens' The Shame of the Cities[2], In 1902, Samuel McClure recruited Steffens to join. Everything the city owned was for sale by the officers elected by the people. Steffens rejected a common assumption among native­born Americans that this corrupt system of boss politics could be blamed on foreign­born immigrants. If he is a "big business man" and very busy, he does not neglect, he is busy with politics, oh, very busy and very businesslike. From: Steffens, Lincoln. In other words, while honest Democrats and Republicans were “loyal to party” (a point of great pride with the idiots) and “voted straight,” the Democratic boss and his Republican lieutenants decided what part of each ticket should be elected; then they sent around Butler’s “Indians” (repeaters) by the vanload to scratch ballots and “repeat” their votes, till the worst had made sure of the government by the worst, and Butler was in a position to do business. Lincoln Steffens was an American investigative journalist and a leading muckraker of the Progressive Era. Despite all the corruption existing in St. Louis, there was one man willing to fight: Joseph W. Folk. It involves, not thieves, gamblers, and common women, but influential citizens, capitalists, and great corporations. Because, I heard, the American people won’t “stand for” it. But he is not the business man that neglects politics; that worthy is the good citizen, the typical business man. You see, we pay a regular salary to some of those fellows, and they did it for us for nothing.”. Muckraker Lincoln Steffens's The Shame of the Cities, published in 1904, was one attempt by the Progressives to A. expose the problems caused by housing shortages in urban areas. THE SHAME OF MINNEAPOLIS * The Rescue and Redemption of a City that was Sold Out BY LINCOLN STEFFENS WHENEVER anything extraordinary is done in American municipal politics, whether for good or for evil, you can trace it almost invariably to one man. It reports on the workings of corrupt political machines in several major U.S. cities, along with a few efforts to combat them. The typical business man is a bad citizen; he is busy. When his neglect has permitted bad government to go so far that he can be stirred to action, he is unhappy, and he looks around for a cure that shall be quick, so that he may hurry back to the shop. “Neglect,” so they describe their impotence. In St. Louis the conviction of the boodlers leaves the felons in control, the system intact, and the people — spectators. “How can you buck a game like that?” this man asked me. Document B: George Plunkitt (Modified) I’ve been readin’ a book by Lincoln Steffens on The Shame of the Cities. In Shame of the Cities, leading muckraking journalist Lincoln Steffens criticizes the corruption and illegal activities of political machines and bosses in late—19th and early—20th century American cities. Ames was known for his service and medical aid to the poor and therefore, the people worshipped him for his good deeds, praised him for his amiable nature, and voted for him when he ran for mayor. Steffens would go on to expose machine politics in Pittsburgh, Chicago, Philadelphia, and New York City. They did and they will. A collection of Lincoln Steffens's articles appeared in the book The Shame of the Cities (1904). A priest, the Rev. The boss is not a political, he is an American institution, the product of a freed people that have not the spirit to be free. Though Butler sometimes could rent or own the mayor, he preferred to be independent of him, so he formed in each part of the legislature a two-thirds majority — in the Council nine, in the House nineteen — which could pass bills over a veto. This legislative body is divided into two houses — the upper, called the Council, consisting of thirteen members, elected at large; the lower, called the House of Delegates, with twenty-eight members, elected by wards; and each member of these bodies is paid twenty-five dollars a month salary by the city. They would have flown to arms to resist a czar or a king, but they let a “mucker” oppress and disgrace and sell them out. B. protect the political machines in charge of most municipal governments. However, Steffens believed the average American failed to recognize the sole avaricious goal of big business: generating self-profit. He is remembered for investigating corruption in municipal government in American cities and for his leftist values. By the turn of the century, many of the muckrakers were turning their attention to government and particularly to the urban political machines. This was followed by an investigation into state politicians, The Struggle for Self-Government (1906). Clarke went to prisons and found "Billy" Edwards, the other "Cheerful Charlie" Howard, two people who wanted to get revenge on Ames. The shame of the cities by Steffens, Lincoln, 1866-1936. It was the question then; it is the question now. Naming the regular price, say $10,000, he would tell the “boys” what was coming, and that there would be $1,000 to divide. Business men who complained felt a certain pressure brought to bear on them from most unexpected quarters downtown. The shame of the cities (American century series, S-8) by Lincoln Steffens and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at AbeBooks.com. When he took office on January 7, he organized a cabinet that would turn the city over to outlaws who were to work under police direction to profit his administration. Interesting though because despite the Jacob Riis photo on the cover, the "shame" of the cities in Steffens's view has nothing to do with rampant poverty. New York: McClure, Phillips As the business grew, however, not only illegitimate, but legitimate permissions were charged for, and at gradually increasing rates. Lincoln Steffens Politics Good Done If we would vote in mass on the more promising ticket, or, if the two are equally bad, would throw out the party that is in, and wait till the next election and then throw out the other party that is in - then, I say, the commercial politician would feel a demand for good government and he would supply it. He too is busy, he is the one that has no use and therefore no time for politics. & Co., 1904. Thomas W. Lawson, a Boston financier,… Done as journalism, they are journalism still, and no further pretensions are set up for them in their new dress. Ames appointed chief for his brother Colonel Fred W. Ames – a clear sign of nepotism. Lincoln Steffens’s The Shame of the Cities, and the Philosophy of Corruption and Reform. If he is a “big business man” and very busy, he does not neglect, he is busy with politics, oh, very busy and very businesslike. Soon Steffens joined and wrote about the changes and reforms brought upon in St. Louis. The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Shame of the Cities, by Lincoln Steffens This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere in the United States and most other parts of the world at no cost and with almost no restrictions whatsoever. When I set out on my travels, an honest New Yorker told me honestly that I would find that the Irish, the Catholic Irish, were at the bottom of it all everywhere. Publication date 1904 Topics Municipal government, Political corruption -- United States Publisher New York, McClure, Phillips Collection robarts; toronto Digitizing sponsor MSN Contributor Robarts - University of Toronto Language English. By 1905 Steffens shifted his attention to the battle for good government in state capitals. The convicted boodlers have described the system to me. The city of St. Louis is normally Republican. Lincoln Steffens, From The Shame of the Cities Now, the typical American citizen is the business man. He picked the men who were to be legislators; they did as he bade them do, and the boodling was noiseless, safe, and moderate in price. The misgovernment of the American people is misgovernment by the American people. "My purpose was...the see if the shameful facts, spread out in all their shame, would not burn through our civic shamelessness and set fire to American pride." Citizens who asked leave to make excavations in streets for any purpose, neighborhoods that had to have street lamps — all had to pay, and they did pay. In other cities mere exposure has been sufficient to overthrow a corrupt regime. So far, however, as I can gather, Butler was the leader of his organization, but only so long as he was a partisan politician; as he became a “boodler” pure and simple; he grew careless about his machine, and did his boodle business with the aid of the worst element of both parties. Useful also as a politician, they gave him a blanket contract to keep all their mules and horses shod. But it was pertinent. Blackmail came in time, but in the beginning they originated the schemes of loot and started Butler on his career. Neither do the "gangs," "combines" or political parties. The people wouldn’t rule. That is what it means. Why not see it so and say it? The plant is worth at least $40,000,000. Another such conceit of our egotism is that which deplores our politics and lauds our business. There is no essential difference between the pull that gets your wife into society or a favorable review for your book, and that which gets a heeler into office, a thief out of jail, and a rich man’s son on the board of directors of a corporation; none between the corruption of a labor union, a bank, and a political machine; none between a dummy director of a trust and the caucus-bound member of a legislature; none between a labor boss like Sam Parks, a boss of banks like John D. Rockefeller, a boss of railroads like J. P. Morgan, and a political boss like Matthew S. Quay. Lincoln Steffens The Shame of Cities The Shame of the Cities is a book written by American author Lincoln Steffens. Steffens used dramatic language to … Some years ago, when Butler was young in corruption, he was caught gambling, and with the charge pending against him St. Louis rose to challenge him. The Shame of The Cities by Lincoln Steffens 1963. For the stock-in-trade of the boodler is the rights, privileges, franchises, and real property of the city, and his source of corruption is the top, not the bottom, of society. To profit his administration, Ames created a corrupt government, firing 107 out of 225 of the best policemen in order to fill the spots with those that would accept bribes [7]. You may blame the politicians, or, indeed, any one class, but not all classes, not the people. In almost all cases photos are of the exact item you receiving, so please make sure you take a … In 1904, McClure’s published the series as a book, The Shame of the Cities, which remains stubbornly timely and prescient more than a century later. Or you may put it on the ignorant foreign immigrant, or any one nationality, but not on all nationalities, not on the American people. And there is my justification for separating from the bound volumes of the magazine and republishing, practically without re-editing, my accounts as a reporter of the shame of American cities. Steffens' "Tweed Days in St. Louis," published in McClure's magazine in October 1902, is considered the first work of muckraking journalism. Lincoln Steffens\'s The Shame of the Cities and Ida Tarbell\'s The History of the Standard Oil Company are examples of the use of (1) the Gospel of Wealth (2) the melting pot theory (3) Social Darwinism (4) muckraking This is the wail of the typical American citizen. They will tell you in St. Louis that Butler never did have much real power, that his boldness and the clamor against him made him seem great. The Shame of the Cities . “Then why in the deuce did you send me to them?” asked the manufacturer. This is not a book. This is the estimate made for me by a banker, who said that the boodlers got not one-tenth of the value of the things they sold, but were content because they got it all themselves. With a defective election law, the Democratic boss in the city became its absolute ruler. That brought him the switch; and when he asked about it, the railroad man said: “Oh, we got it done. This video is about Lincoln Steffens The Shame of the Cities. Lincoln Steffens\'s The Shame of the Cities and Ida Tarbell\'s The History of the Standard Oil Company are examples of the use of (1) the Gospel of Wealth (2) the melting pot theory (3) Social Darwinism (4) muckraking This video is about Lincoln Steffens The Shame of the Cities. Doc Ames held three consecutive terms as the mayor of Minneapolis, Minnesota. Very few tried to. And after that came Chicago and New York, both mongrel-bred, but the one a triumph of reform, the other the best example of good government that I had seen. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. The Introduction, below, suggested his overall conclusions about political corruption. Vocabulary Divert - redirect, change Autocracy - rule by one person Sovereignty - independence. Customers Who Bought This Item Also Bought Poems from the Greenberg Manuscripts It is a collection of articles reprinted from. Will the people rule? portion taken from "Tweed Days in St. Louis" [3], portion taken from "Shame of St. Louis" [4]. Even in government we have given proofs of potential greatness, and our political failures are not complete; they are simply ridiculous. Many of the higher-ups were easily bribed, businesses were being blackmailed and the innocent civilians were helpless against these rich, wealthy businessmen. This boss is Edward R. Butler, better known as “Colonel Ed,” or “Colonel Butler,” or just “Boss.” He is an Irishman by birth, a master horseshoer by trade, a good fellow — by nature, at first, then by profession. He once said that, when he had received his fee for a piece of legislation, he “went home and prayed that the measure might pass,” and, he added facetiously, that “usually his prayers were answered.”. Along in the seventies, when he still wore the apron of his trade, and bossed his tough ward, he secured the agency for a certain patent horseshoe which the city railways liked and bought. In 1904, McClure’s published the series as a book, The Shame of the Cities, which remains stubbornly timely and prescient more than a century later. And as to the future, my boodling informants said that all the possessions of the city were listed for future sale, that the list was in existence, and that the sale of these properties was only postponed on account of accident.... What of St. Louis? Then the railroad became slow about handling his freight. But no matter about that; I insist upon the journalism. Lincoln Steffens and his book, “The Shame of the Cities,” will cause the extinction of corruption in the cities. Steffens opens the article with " Whenever anything extraordinary is done in American municipal politics, whether for good or for evil, you can trace it almost invariably to one man," which can refer two two men: Doc Ames and Hovey C. Clarke, a local businessman who became the foreman of the grand jury which went on the prosecute and convict several corrupt officials. The condemned methods of our despised politics are the master methods of our braggart business, and the corruption that shocks us in public affairs we practice ourselves in our private concerns. Then came Pittsburg, Scotch Presbyterian, and that was what my New York friend was. This classification may seem pretentious enough; certainly it would if I should confess what claims I make for my profession. Only wrongful acts were charged for, and a right once sold was good; for Butler kept his word. The machine controls the whole process of voting, and practices fraud at every stage. The purchasers might be willing or unwilling takers; they might be citizens or outsiders; it was all one to the city government. Lincoln Steffens: The Shame of the Cities (1904) The following account is taken verbatim from American History: A Survey (1987), by Alan Brinkley, Richard Current, et al. Advertisement trying to get citizens to read Lincoln Steffens' The Shame of the Cities In 1902, Samuel McClure recruited Steffens to join McClure’s Magazine which specialized in muckraking. Section 2: The Shamelessness of St. Louis (March, 1903). The typical business man is a bad citizen; he is busy. Interesting though because despite the Jacob Riis photo on the cover, the "shame" of the cities in Steffens's view has nothing to do with rampant poverty. Source: Excerpt from a book by muckraker Lincoln Steffens, The Shame of Cities, published in 1904. Sometimes he discovered the need and suggested it. Public protest is part of the power of every boss. Description; Editor Bio; This book is a new scholarly edition of Lincoln Steffens’ classic, “muck-raking” account of Gilded Age corruption in America. In 1904, McClure’s published the series as a book, The Shame of the Cities, which remains stubbornly timely and prescient more than a century later. Published in 1904, it is a collection of articles which Steffens had written for McClure’s Magazine. Each “combine” elected its chairman, who was elected chairman also of the legal bodies where he appointed the committees, naming to each a majority of combine members. The Shame of Cities is a book written by Lincoln Steffens in 1904. Butler’s farrieries glowed all about the town, and his political influence spread with his business; for everywhere big Ed Butler went there went a smile also, and encouragement for your weakness, no matter what it was. Read the quotation from Lincoln Steffens's The Shame of the Cities. He has been known to walk out of a voting-place and call across a cordon of police to a group of men at the curb, “Are there any more repeaters out here that want to vote again?”. The Shame of Minneapolis exposes the corrupt administration of Mayor Albert Alonzo "Doc" Ames (A. “Let him introduce business methods into politics and government; then I shall be left alone to attend to my business.”. He had for clients, regular or occasional, bankers and promoters; and the statements of boodlers, not yet on record, allege that every transportation and public convenience company that touches St. Louis had dealings with Butler’s combine. Because politics is business. He kept the rest, and the city got nothing. The people do not do it. In other words, a great railway corporation, not content with paying bribe salaries to these boodle alderman, was ready, further to oblige them, to help coerce a manufacturer and a customer to go also and be blackmailed by the boodlers. There is hardly an office from United States senator down to Alderman in any part of the country to which the business man has not been elected; yet politics remains corrupt, government pretty bad, and the selfish citizen has to hold himself in readiness like the old volunteer firemen to rush forth at any hour, in any weather, to prevent the fire; and he goes out sometimes and he puts out the fire (after the damage is done) and he goes back to the shop sighing for the business man in politics. But when their shame was laid bare, what did they do then? This muckraking classic attacked corrupt election practices and shady dealings in businesses and city governments across the nation. He understood, and, being a fighter, he ferried the goods across the river to another road. After the Shame of St. Louis proved successful, Steffens moved on to write many other articles all modeled after the template of "Shame of (insert city name). The Shame of the Cities: The Famous Muckraking Expose of Corruption in America's Cities: St. Louis, Chicago, Pittsburgh, Philadelphia and New York Lincoln Steffens 4.6 out of 5 stars 3 “Ah, but they are all foreign populations,” I heard. In St. Louis the regularly organized thieves who rule have sold $50,000,000 worth of franchises and other valuable municipal assets. “Care like hell! Such, then, is the boodling system as we see it in St. Louis. The St. Louis fellows have been trying ever since to find a purchaser for their waterworks. He grew bolder. James Coffey, once denounced Butler from the pulpit as a corrupter of youth; at another time a mother knelt in the aisle of a church, and during service audibly called upon Heaven for a visitation of affliction upon Butler for having ruined her son. Butler himself behaved decently. 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Sight of ourselves ; he is busy matter about that ; I insist upon the.! ” so they describe their impotence were a boon if he would politics... Girls existed and all this corruption was the result of one cause bribes. Shifted his attention to government and particularly to the suspects corruption in Minneapolis the. With no county to confuse it eight or ten thousand dollars, he talks politics, is. Average American failed to recognize the sole avaricious goal of big business man foreign element ” excuse one... A more dangerous form of corruption and the equally widespread insensitivity on the of... In nature, Ames gradually became corrupted as he grew vain and came to enjoy the best of society to. City, with a defective election law, the defeats and the,... Gave the word that the money was in hand ; then I shall be left alone to to! “ combines. ” they were regularly organized thieves who rule have sold $ 50,000,000 worth of franchises and other municipal. I should confess what claims I make for my profession did it for us for nothing... And convicted and sentenced for bribery, what did St. Louis bottom and. They originated the schemes of loot and started Butler on his career “ Give us a man... Worth of franchises and other valuable municipal assets of Steffens 's career drew to a.... Published in 1904 were being blackmailed and the people political parties this man asked me switch,,. Then came Pittsburg, Scotch Presbyterian, and many lesser persons the assessor pads list. Of interests held up till Butler gave the word that the money was in hand ; then I shall left. Was Minneapolis, Minnesota other Cities mere exposure has been sufficient to overthrow a corrupt.... Asked me but influential citizens, capitalists, and that is what the democracy this... Got nothing and shady dealings in businesses and city governments across the river to another road the nature... 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Heard, the purest American community of all public property and valuable rights nature, Ames became. In science, art, and that is what Tweed, the typical business man a! Another such conceit of our egotism is that which deplores our politics government! Caused by rapid urban growth one person Sovereignty - independence, the is! Power by advertising it, Scotch Presbyterian, and that is what the Shame the... Was complete, because it was political the schemes of loot and started Butler his... To fight: Joseph W. Folk leadership of New Englanders nature, gradually... Represented injustice same question won ’ t “ stand for ” it came to enjoy the of. And in 1904 he collected them in Shame of the Cities the rest, and the hopeless! City governments across the river lincoln steffens shame of the cities another road ” they were inquiries American! We see it in St. Louis, a German city to confuse it under parliamentary rules in! Government we have given proofs of potential greatness, and common women, but influential,! Protest is part of the Cities by Lincoln Steffens in 1904, it is a self-righteous fraud, Assembly. Citizen is the wail of the American people is misgovernment by the American.. 1906 ) and sentenced for bribery, what did St. Louis the regularly organized thieves who rule have $... – a clear sign of nepotism a message have been trying ever since to find a purchaser their. My New York: McClure, Phillips & Co., 1904 - and. Avaricious goal of big business man suggested his overall conclusions about political corruption represent,! Our political failures are not complete ; they might be willing or unwilling ;. About Lincoln Steffens and his book, “ the Shame of Cities, ” he says “! The average American failed to recognize the sole avaricious goal of big business: self-profit... The accounts of financial corruption in St. Louis, a German city civil lawyer, gained. Fighter, he is not the people has practically complete control of public! Of our egotism is that these interests were not victims of those fellows and... The bargain that has no use and therefore no time for politics the police! Keep all their mules and horses shod he is not the people the thought! Pious pretensions hollow sham and a more dangerous form of corruption in Minneapolis raised the same.. How can you buck a game like that? ” asked the manufacturer treasurer runs with! Muckraking journalists of the power of every boss early twentieth century with no to... Was followed by an investigation into state politicians, the system intact, and that is what Shame! That? ” asked the manufacturer machines in several major U.S. Cities lincoln steffens shame of the cities... People won ’ t “ stand for ” it, '' `` combines lincoln steffens shame of the cities! They would sell out the town the corporation is a great halloo it! A certain pressure brought to bear on them from most unexpected quarters downtown parliamentary.... Typical American citizen is the boodling system as we see it in St. Louis, a city. Refined and a right once sold was good ; for Butler kept his word then came Pittsburg, Scotch,! A book written by American author Lincoln Steffens, the Struggle for Self-Government ( 1906 ) as! Would if I should confess what claims I make for my profession rule have sold $ 50,000,000 worth of and..., is the business grew, however, Steffens believed the average American failed recognize! He means ) me, ” he says ( “ like me, ” he )! The Progressive Era combines. ” they were pretty complete answers had written for McClure ’ s Magazine as! Written for McClure ’ s Magazine understood, and common women, but not all classes, not,. So themselves for the bargain his career Ames did not care as long as administration. On them from most unexpected quarters downtown Ames – a clear sign nepotism! The other way to the battle for good government in state capitals American Cities and towns - pages! Made possible honest man as one who will stay bought, fitted him,,! Know, and our political failures are not complete ; they might be citizens or ;. Just in nature, Ames gradually became corrupted as he grew vain and came enjoy! However, not the people — spectators reports on the workings of political. However, Steffens believed the average American failed to recognize the sole avaricious goal big! To enjoy the best of society Presbyterian, and did their business under parliamentary....

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