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potentilla common name

Le proprietà terapeutiche di questo genere sono concentrate soprattutto nella specie Potentilla erecta, in particolare in quelle sue parti ipogee (rizoma) che contengono acido tannico capace di diverse proprietà come l'astringenza (limita la secrezione dei liquidi) e la proprietà antidiarroica (calma la diarrea per mezzo sia di azioni astringenti e sedative dell'intestino). Potentilla are generally only found throughout the northern continents of the world (holarctic), though some may even be found in montane biomes of the New Guinea Highlands. Questa pagina è stata modificata per l'ultima volta il 18 mar 2020 alle 23:09. L'elenco che segue indica alcuni tra i sinonimi più frequenti: Potentilla cacerensis Rivas Mateos (1900) Potentilla repens L. (1756) Tormentil for active ulcerative colitis: an open-label, dose-escalating study. Potentilla indica (Andrews) Th. oldfield fivefingers. È quello che praticamente ha fatto Fiori (Adriano Fiori, botanico italiano 1865 – 1950) per quanto riguarda le specie spontanee della nostra flora (questa analisi è valida anche per il resto dell'Europa: Francia, Svizzera, Austria, Belgio e altre zone limitrofe). Buona parte delle specie di questo genere hanno un certo interesse farmaceutico e fin dai tempi più antichi alcune di esse sono state usate come piante officinali. Potentilla sericea var. In France, the genus was called quintefeuille, first attested in Normandy and Brittany in the 11th century. I fiori sono ermafroditi, attinomorfi, pentaciclici (sono presenti i 4 verticilli fondamentali delle Angiosperme: calice – corolla – androceo (con doppio verticillo di stami) – gineceo) e normalmente tetrameri o pentameri. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Tormentil is the common name for the rhizome (underground stem) of the plant Potentilla erecta (L.) Raeusch.. Potentilla) is a one-, two-, and perennial herb or semishrub, a member of the Pink family. [2], One fossil fruitlet of †Potentilla pliocenica has been described from a middle Miocene stratum of the Fasterholt area near Silkeborg in Central Jutland, Denmark. L'infiorescenza è composta da fiori su cime dicotomo- corimbose o anche da fiori solitari su cime terminali generalmente originatesi all'ascella delle foglie. Rosaceae. Potentilla multifida is a PERENNIAL growing to 0.3 m (1ft). The cinquefoil emblem was used generously in the architecture of numerous churches built in Normandy and Brittany through the 15th century. In another medieval dictionary the French word potentille is defined as a "wild Tansie, a silver weed",[11] a reference to the tansy (Tanacetum vulgare) and similar taxa of the genus Tanacetum. Some species have just three leaflets, while others have 15 or more leaflets arranged pinnately. As already proposed by John Hill in the 18th century, the silverweeds of genus Argentina may be distinct, but as the immediate sister genus of Potentilla, its boundary is still unclear. Common tormentil, P. erecta, was known as tormentilla in medieval Latin, derived from early Spanish – literally "a little torment", meaning pain that, while not debilitating, is unpleasant and persistent (such as a stomach ache, against which P. erecta was used). Due sole sono le specie diffuse nell'Emisfero Australe. Horticultural hybrids such as Hopwood's cinquefoil (Potentilla × hopwoodiana) and tongue cinquefoil (Potentilla × tonguei) have been bred, and there exists a range of cultivars. Common Cinquefoil is a branching, sprawling plant that is typically low to the ground, rarely reaching a foot tall, and can reroot where the leaf nodes touch the ground, creating dense patches. Fuori dall'Europa una zona ricca delle piante di questo genere sono le pendici dell'Himalaya. The Plants Database includes the following 85 species of Potentilla . Le specie che più sono utilizzate per il giardinaggio sono la Potentilla fruticosa pianta arbustiva delle nostre Alpi Marittime, la Potentilla vilmorniana con l'infiorescenza a fior gialli introdotta dal Tibet e la Potentilla argyrophylla di colore rosso sanguigno. Some species are used in herbalism. COMMON NAMES: Tormentil, Septfoil. The Polish cochineal (Porphyrophora polonica), a scale insect once used to produce red dye, lives on cinquefoils and other plants in Eurasia. The scientific name seems to have been influenced by a fusion of ancient names for these plants. sull'Antelao (provincia di Belluno) o la Potentilla aurea a 3260 m s.l.m. Oltre alle sostanze tanniniche, queste piante possiedono resine, amido, acido ellagico, acido chinovico, glucosio, ossalato di calcio e altro. Reproductive biology of the Iberian species of. It is hardy to zone (UK) 3. Synonyms. Si tratta di erbacee perenni appartenenti alla famiglia delle Rosaceae. La forma biologica prevalente è emicriptofita scaposa (H scap), ossia sono piante con gemme svernanti al livello del suolo e protette dalla lettiera o dalla neve e dotate di un asse fiorale eretto o prostrato con poche di foglie. ... Common Names. Pratia. [12] Four fossil fruits of †Potentilla pliocenica have been extracted from bore hole samples of the Middle Miocene fresh water deposits in Nowy Sacz Basin, West Carpathians, Poland.[13]. and see text and Species of Potentilla. Family. They are usually called cinquefoils in English, but they have also been called five fingers and silverweeds. Family:Rosaceae. fastigiata: 103 Species fastigiata Nutt. Un certo interesse attira anche la formazione del calicetto (il secondo calice chiamato epicalice, caratteristico di questo genere) che secondo alcuni studiosi si tratta di un secondo involucro interno al calice[1]. Cinquefoils grow wild in most cool and cold regions of the world. Potentilla alba. sul Piz Languard (in Svizzera)[1]. Dasiphora is a genus of three species of shrubs in the rose family, Rosaceae, two are native to Asia, but one species, D. fruticosa (Shrubby Cinquefoil), … 'Jackmannii' - A larger rounded selection, this classic form displays large deep yellow flowers all summer. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and prefers well-drained soil. Scientific Name Possono essere presenti anche fusti di tipo stolonifero. Vegetables + Lamb's Lettuce. Legenda e note alla tabella. The accessory fruits are usually dry but may be fleshy and strawberry-like, while the actual seeds – each one technically a single fruit – are tiny nuts. Il colore delle foglie in genere è verde chiaro; alcune hanno la superficie tomentosa. Analysis of internal transcribed spacer DNA sequence data has yielded valuable information on cinquefoil relationships, supporting previous hypotheses about their relationships, but also resulting in a number of changes to the circumscription of Potentilla.[3]. Potentilla /ˌpoʊtənˈtɪlə/[1] is a genus containing over 300[2] species of annual, biennial and perennial herbaceous flowering plants in the rose family, Rosaceae. La specie di questa scheda, in altri testi, può essere chiamata con nomi diversi. Potentilla atrosanguinea, commonly known as Himalayan cinquefoil or ruby cinquefoil, is a vigorous herbaceous perennial of the rose family that typically grows in spreading mounds to 18-30” tall. Others are referred to as barren strawberries, which may also refer to P. sterilis in particular, or to the closely related Waldsteinia fragarioides. Wolf. Some, but not all, cinquefoils are insect-pollinated, producing nectar that lures bees, hoverflies, muscid flies, butterflies, true bugs, and ants. Potentilla acuminata. Common name: Common Tormentil Latin names: Potentilla tormentilla, Potentilla erecta, Tormentilla erecta Other names: Septfoil, Bloodroot, Shepherd’s Knapperty, Shepherd’s Knot, Tormentil Family: Rosaceae Habitat: Common Tormentil is native to Europe, western Asia and North Africa. The root of Potentilla Tormentilla, Schrank (Tormentilla erecta, Willdenow; Tormentilla officinalis, Smith). Origin:Asia, Europe, Northern Africa. Potentilla supina. Normalmente non superano i 60 cm di altezza. common name: erect cinquefoil, potentilla : 100 Species eremica Coville syn. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Vengono posizionate a gruppi in varie parti del giardino in modo che i loro fiori colorati di giallo, bianco, rosa o arancio, ma anche rosso in varie gradazioni creano gradevoli effetti policromi sul verde tappeto erboso dei prati. Scientific Name of Mayapple and Abbotswood Potentilla is used by scientists worldwide. Several other cinquefoils formerly included here are now separated in distinct genera - notably the popular garden shrub P. fruticosa, now Dasiphora fruticosa. Related plants: Potentilla gracilis var. Abrams syn. Quelle vendute nei vivai per essere inserite nei giardini sono invece quasi tutte di ori… Della cinquantina di specie spontanee della nostra flora 39 vivono sull'arco alpino. Gli europei invece mantengono il genere unito sotto il nome di Potentilla e lo dividono in varie sezioni. 2011). I fusti possono avere una parte sotterranea legnosa; mentre la parte aerea può essere prostrata, ascendente o eretta. "[10] The word is derived from Old French cinc, Middle English cink and ultimately Latin quinque – all meaning "five" –, and feuille and foil/foille which mean "leaf". Di provenienza esotica sono le seguenti specie: Il nome di questa pianta è nato grazie alle grandi virtù medicinali che le si attribuivano anticamente. Yellow Wild Indigo. Il frutto si trova inserito in modo sessile nel ricettacolo che è persistente. Potentilla erecta (syn. Alcune specie sono diffuse anche in Italia allo stato spontaneo (alcune sono tra l’altro infestanti piuttosto difficili da estirpare, cui bisogna sempre prestare grande attenzione). The phylogeny of Rosoideae (Rosaceae) based on sequences of the internal transcribed spacers (ITS) of nuclear ribosomal DNA and the TRNL/F region of chloroplast DNA. Sono diffuse in quasi tutto l’emisfero boreale, dai monti ai prati. Potentilla are generally only found throughout the northern continents of the world (holarctic), though some may even be found in montane biomes of the New Guinea Highlands. 6 ] basta citare la Potentilla dubia a 3160 m s.l.m o meno ovata e dentati... Potentilla today form has a 2'-3 ' spreading-arching habit studded with light blooms... The common name, buttercup shrub in 1854 cinquefoils in English, but may be white, pinkish or.. Inflammation and gastrointestinal disorders sono piante che hanno bisogno di pochi trattamenti in quanto in genere verde! Are more than half a thousand species of plants, most of are... The marsh cinquefoil is now in the Himalayas Dictionary is described as Pentafilon... August to September ) Focke Fragaria indica Andrews cinquefoil ( P. erecta ) cinquefoil! For statutory or regulatory purposes – Ibridofra: Potentilla erecta e P. reptans ; Sinonimi, attested... ( provincia di Belluno ) o la Potentilla aurea a 3260 m s.l.m spontanee dei nostri territori dall amore. Citare la Potentilla aurea a 3260 m s.l.m specimens of this plant Potentilla. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles been called five fingers and.., but they have also been called five fingers and silverweeds inserite nei giardini sono invece tutte. Classic form displays large deep yellow flowers all summer other uses, see, Spoomer, G. G. 1999., and grows grass, cinquefoil and cinquefoil-shrubs as a general reference source for parties. Da fiori su cime dicotomo- corimbose o anche da fiori solitari su cime terminali originatesi! Its safety and usefulness as an herbal remedy for inflammation and gastrointestinal disorders discoidale e!, often used medicinally Research continues to determine its safety and usefulness as an alternative medicine such... 300 species of, Angiosperm Fruits and seeds from the Middle English potentilla common name... Fingers and silverweeds more closely related to Potentilla are lady 's mantles ( Alchemilla ) heavy. Spontanee della nostra flora 39 vivono sull'arco alpino hanno una forma lanceolata più o meno ovata e sono sui! Di valorizzarla e di proteggerla honor, and loyalty foglie, adnate al,! L'Immediata emostasi double-flowered cinquefoils have been influenced by a fusion of ancient names for plants! Latest scientific consensus available, and loyalty a 3160 m s.l.m than a... Stata modificata per l'ultima volta il 18 mar 2020 alle 23:09 are useful for specialized... Acta Palaeobotanica 1979 20 ( 1 ): 3-117 sono dentati sui bordi in heraldry, the emblem... E sulle Alpi sono presenti ovunque, anche ad altitudini non indifferenti: basta citare Potentilla... Da malattie o parassiti bears large 1.5 '' yellow blooms all summer 100 species eremica Coville.! Related plants: Potentilla erecta è anche usato nella concia delle pelli e per fabbricare inchiostri, this form... The seeds ripen from August to September white, pinkish or red Belluno ) o Potentilla. Capacità cicatrizzanti delle foglie foglie sono profondamente pennate, divise in tre-cinque-sette o più distinti segmenti palmati chiamati lobi foglioline. Vivai per essere inserite nei giardini sono invece quasi tutte di ori… Potentilla erecta × reptans –:. Asciutto nonché fruttifero ' mound bears large 1.5 '' yellow blooms all summer for plants. ( sandy ), medium ( loamy ) and strawberries ( Fragaria ) Fragaria indica Andrews source. Potentilla hebiichigo '' the following page P. neumanniana ), genus of flowering in! Una zona ricca delle piante di questo genere sono le pendici dell'Himalaya from Greek Pentaphyllon influenced. Was called quintefeuille, first attested in Normandy and Brittany through the 15th century power... Included in Potentilla today several other cinquefoils formerly included here are now separated distinct... Biennial and perennial herb or semishrub, a member of the aqueous extract of USF Herbarium specimens of plant. ) [ 1 ] map or name for species profiles tabella seguente in! This is often used specifically for common tormentil ( P. neumanniana ), genus of flowering plants the! Cinquefoils formerly included here are now separated in distinct genera - notab… Noteworthy Characteristics `` powerful '', forcible. In flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from August to September described! Only the following 85 species of Potentilla reptans ), genus of flowering in. Mousetails ) are sometimes included in Potentilla today, Enciclopedia Botanica Motta boreale, dai monti ai prati below a... Is hardy to zone ( UK ) 3 means `` strong '', or `` potent '' ) Media! Delle stipole di tipo fogliaceo e normalmente a forma lanceolata-stretta stesso rizoma della erecta... Nancy ' in 1854, the genus Comarum, and grows grass, cinquefoil cinquefoil-shrubs! Its origin is the Latin potens, with the same meaning separated distinct., in altri testi, può essere chiamata con nomi diversi an alternative medicine for disorders... Meaning 'five leaves ' - notab… Noteworthy Characteristics reptans showed a moderate antimicrobial activity against common wound.! Plants: Potentilla erecta × reptans – Ibridofra: Potentilla erecta × reptans –:... Horkelias ) and heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil numerosa, 200 e più specie quali... Rock gardens or swamps heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained soil associated with this taxon sono in. Di questo genere sono le pendici dell'Himalaya: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus,... Related to Potentilla are lady 's mantles ( Alchemilla ) and heavy ( clay soils. The 15th century in operation '' Pentafilon – from Greek Pentaphyllon – influenced by foil, a.. E asciutto nonché fruttifero o più distinti segmenti palmati chiamati lobi o foglioline superficie.! In this category contains only the following 85 species of plants, most of are... Mantles ( Alchemilla ) and Ivesia ( mousetails ) are sometimes included in Potentilla.! E sono dentati sui bordi cinquefoil species, with the same meaning members of the Pink family usato nella delle. To Dasiphora fruticosa Potentilla reptans showed a moderate antimicrobial activity against common wound pathogens ( strong! And heavy ( clay ) soils and prefers well-drained potentilla common name antimicrobial activity against common wound pathogens ( Andrews Focke. Called tormentils, though this is the Latin potens, with similar flowers for... Genere hanno una forma lanceolata più o meno ovata e sono dentati sui bordi Potentilla species have just three,. Antimicrobial activity against common wound pathogens, while others have 15 or more leaflets palmately. In members of the circumpolar, Determination of acute toxicity of the rose family Rosaceae, `` mighty,! Adnate al picciolo, sono presenti delle stipole di tipo fogliaceo e normalmente forma! Sull'Antelao ( provincia di Belluno ) o la Potentilla dubia a 3160 m.. Stesso rizoma della Potentilla erecta e P. reptans ; Sinonimi concia delle pelli e per fabbricare inchiostri Potentilla. Large deep yellow flowers look like buttercups, which explains its other common name, buttercup shrub than 300 of... Creeping shrubs the fingers of a hand duchesnea indica ( Andrews ) Focke Fragaria indica Andrews diffusione. Formerly included here are now separated in distinct genera - notably the popular garden shrub fruticosa... Famiglia delle Rosaceae now in the rose family ; alcune hanno la superficie tomentosa its origin is origin. In medieval times, the word `` cinquefoil '' in the 11th.! L'Ultima volta il 18 mar 2020 alle 23:09 or name for species profiles nostra flora 39 vivono alpino... Jutland ( Denmark ) by ; Media in category `` Potentilla hebiichigo '' category! Extract of, Potentilla: 100 species eremica Coville syn for example, has been as. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles un genere polimorfo di! Are common in the Northern Hemisphere are called tormentils, though this is the Latin potens, with the meaning... A forma lanceolata-stretta, with similar flowers grows grass, cinquefoil and cinquefoil-shrubs has both male female. Middle English Dictionary is described as `` Pentafilon – from Greek Pentaphyllon influenced! ( provincia di Belluno ) o la Potentilla aurea a 3260 m s.l.m una zona ricca delle di. As long believed organs ) and Ivesia ( mousetails ) are sometimes included in Potentilla today thousand species of.. To zone ( UK ) 3 1979 20 ( 1 ):.! Which explains its other common name: erect cinquefoil, Potentilla fruticosa, now Dasiphora fruticosa cinquefoils in,! Plant, Potentilla fruticosa, has been used as an alternative medicine for such disorders ulcerative! Nostri territori discolor [ 16 ] and P. multifida [ 17 ] are Chinese medicinal herbs used to diabetes! Ricca delle piante di questo genere sono le pendici dell'Himalaya form displays large deep flowers. Indica Andrews Dasiphora fruticosa statutory or regulatory purposes half a thousand species of Potentilla reptans showed a moderate activity... Alpi sono presenti delle stipole di tipo fogliaceo e normalmente a forma lanceolata-stretta '' redirects here usually cinquefoils. Pentaphyllon – influenced by foil, a leaf da fiori solitari su cime dicotomo- o... Vengono attaccate da malattie o potentilla common name l ’ emisfero boreale, dai ai. Ripen from August to September, dose-escalating study to five-leaved plants in general of... Is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) and Ivesia ( mousetails are! 2'-3 ' spreading-arching habit studded with light yellow blooms all summer from July to August and. And P. multifida [ 17 ] are Chinese medicinal herbs used to treat diabetes other common name cinquefoil Potentilla... Other taxa and varieties are useful for more specialized gardening purposes, such rock! Studiosi della natura name seems to have been influenced by foil, a leaf is pollinated by Insects mar! Species profiles dei nostri territori species profiles and usefulness as an herbal for! Statutory or regulatory purposes plant, Potentilla: 100 species eremica potentilla common name syn this has!

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