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Warm-season lawns look their best with 2-3 feedings during the growing season, but may need more applications in far southern regions with longer growing seasons. To do this: Follow this optimal pattern for running the broadcaster spreader. Skipping makes the impeller throw product in an erratic manner. Since rye is such a good sink for nitrogen it is a very good idea to feed your rye regularly with a high nitrogen fertilizer.Broadcast your fertilizer at the same rate as you applied the seed at least once a month; the more the better. Spread the fertilizer in parallel rows that cross over your first set of rows at a right angle. Get a bag of pelletized (not granular) limestone, put a small amount of the scotts in a bucket, mix in a handful of granular lime, stir it well with a stick or small shovel. In fall, make sure to fertilize at least six weeks prior to the average date of the first frost. Fill the hopper with seed or fertilizer. This puts the fertilizer exactly where it will benefit the tree. Apply phosphorus fertilizer adequately and keep a good watering schedule to help with quicker root and foliage development. State Laws About Fertilizing Lawns Maryland protects the Chesapeake Bay from pollution by setting a cutoff date for fertilizing lawns: There is no lawn fertilizing allowed between November 16 and March 1 . Some cool-season lawn people fertilize once in the fall. Apply phosphorus fertilizer adequately and keep a good watering schedule to help with quicker root and foliage development. Start by applying fertilizer around the perimeter of the yard first, and then fill in the middle, working in one direction. When all pans are in place and your spreader is one-half full of product, begin your first pass well in advance of the row of pans. In cold winter areas, don't fertilize until the grass begins "greening-up" in spring. That means it's beginning to grow. Step 5: Spread the stuff around Spread evenly, and use as little as possible to cover your ground. Grass seed size typically measures about 1/8 inch. For the first fertilizer application of the season, apply granular fertilizers by broadcasting them either by hand or with a spreader onto the soil surface of the target plants. Steps to fertilize lawn. Then water and till the soil in order to incorporate the fertilizer. This method is the least likely to cause plant damage and usually is best for home gardeners. First, select the right spreader for your yard—drop or broadcast. First, sweep dirt and debris off your driveway and then conduct the dispersal pattern test. If the fertilizer is spread onto ground that is already wet and rain is not in the forecast for a few days, the evaporating water can attach to the ammonia gases released, and risk losing the urea content of the fertilizer. Band or row applications. Walk backward, throwing fertilizer out as you go in a sweeping motion. Broadcast Spreaders – use a rotary or whirling mechanism to spread fertilizer over a wider area. Read, more on it here. For dry fertilizers, the rates are based on pounds to apply per 1000 square feet. For warm-season grasses, such as Bermudagrass, St. Augustinegrass, Centipedegrass, Zoysiagrass, Bahiagrass and Carpetgrass, the most important time to feed is from spring through summer. Keep the lever off during the turn and open it to begin the new row. Below, the Fertilizer Association of Ireland answers some of the questions you may have about fertiliser applications this spring. In general, though, you can follow these steps and tips: Choose the setting for broadcast area if your spreader includes that option. If you step on the grass and it stays depressed, it's too dry; give it a light watering before proceeding. Next, compare the weight of fertilizer collected in your catch pan or applied to the turf in the test run to the amount required (0.5 pound in this example). Check spread pattern and CV values from independent or manufacturers tests. Step 7 Push the nail around the hole to make it larger. The term "winterizer" has been used to promote various fall lawn applications on Northern grasses for some 30 years. Liquid or water-soluble fertilizers may be useful for small lawns, but they are harder to apply evenly and may need frequent refilling. Type of Spreader: I always recommend using granular fertilizers, spread with a rotary type fertilizer spreader. You can... Fertilizing After Seeding. Select a fertiliser spreader capable of even spreading at the desired bout width with the fertiliser types to be used. It depends on the type of grass you have and where you live. Each product you apply requires a different spread rate. A drop spreader releases the fertilizer in a strip as you walk. With a broadcast spreader, the right side of the dispersal pattern will be a foot or two wider than the left. This way, you’ll have enough lawn product in the hopper to reduce “skipping” over the uneven terrain. The remaining 70 percent is filler that helps spread the fertilizer evenly. When applied unevenly, fertilizer can cause striping or splotching on the lawn or can create burn patches when applied too heavily in one spot. So maintenance enters into the equation. When the shutoff plate is open, the impeller broadcasts the material in a 180-degree arc 7 ft. to 11 ft. wide (depending on the product’s granular size and your walking speed). Remember, extra fertilizer can be put back in the bag and saved for a future application. Now with sprayer logs! Operate the spreader, keeping the impeller plate close to level (Photo 4). Complete the pattern by pushing the spreader on a serpentine route back and forth in the longest direction on the lawn while overlapping the throw patterns about a foot. Operate the flow lever back and forth and wash off the shutoff plate inside the hopper. 4). A good fertilizer spreader can apply just the right amount of product. Maintaining an attractive lawn takes not only lots of hard work, knowledge, timing and good weather but also the precise (and seemingly endless) application of the proper seed, soil builder and chemicals. To use a broadcast spreader properly, you need to know how wide a band the spreader covers. The challenge in applying lawn fertilizer by hand is to get an even distribution of the product over the grass. High-impact polypropylene hopper and tubular steel handles with a baked-on finish for a longer, rust-free life. Avoid fertilizing cool-season grasses in the heat of summer. Otherwise you’ll have to resort to trial and error. then mix up another patch, and continue. Soil pH- 6.5. At the heart of both is a hopper with adjustable holes in the bottom. Set the spreader to a light coverage (try a 1/4-in. As your lawn responds to spring's wake up call, help prepare grass in spring for healthy growth with the lawn... Answer a few questions to identify and solve your lawn, garden, or home issue. Wheeled types are more precise and better for large lawns. wheels—preferably high-impact plastic—for easy rolling over bumpy lawns. of product so you’ll spend less time refilling the spreader. Step 5: Spread the stuff around Spread evenly, and use as little as possible to cover your ground. Select a fertiliser spreader capable of even spreading at the desired bout width with the fertiliser types to be used. Use this test information to establish the pattern you’ll use to push the spreader across your yard for total coverage with 6 in. A gauge mounted on the spreader’s handlebar allows you to accurately set the size of these holes (following the recommended setting listed on many bags of lawn products), allowing the proper volume of material to uniformly exit the hopper. Sweep up the test material and put it back in the bag or hopper. If not, there should be a toll-free phone number to call. Fertilize at the right time of year. It is entirely possible to work dry fertilizer into your lawn by spreading it by hand, but it is not the most effective way, and can lead to uneven spread. Choose a Fertilizer. Be sure to always read and follow label instructions. In some cases, the remaining percentage also consists of trace minerals and other nutrients that benefit the soil. Too much is wasteful and could kill your lawn; too little won’t do the job. Days. How to Spread Fertilizer 1. Grass Seed or Fertilizer First? Step 4: Make sure the soil is moist Make sure the soil is moist enough to absorb the fertilizer. How To Spread Granular Fertilizer. Walk backward, throwing fertilizer out as you go in a sweeping motion. Apply your fertilizer mixture as you would apply urea on its own, spreading it evenly across the soil. Apply fertilizer near water features, on hard surfaces or on frozen ground. Fertilize with Milorganite four (4) times per year, for more information on rates and schedule.. We spread a 0-50-70 dry fertilizer and 70lbs of cereal rye. to 3/16-in. Close the flow lever and dial in the recommended spread rate for the product you’re using before filling the hopper. Urea is less dense than other fertilizers. Its a good idea to water after you have applied dry fertilizer t… Read, more on it here. Fertilizing should always coincide with the natural growth cycles of the type of grass you grow. We recommend our users to update the browser. Make sure the flow lever is closed, fill the hopper, then open the flow lever and push the spreader for three paces of your normal walking speed. Initial Application When you start your lawn, spread a starter fertilizer over the ground with your grass seed. Large, 8- to 10-in. But not just any fertilizer applied at any old time will do. Avoid lubricants that contain Teflon or silicone. You can also add small amounts to planting holes (be sure to mix it in with backfill soil) or to rows as you sow seeds or plant plugs. the lime is good for the grass and will help keep the Scotts from clogging. There are a broad range of licenses related to lawn care and maintenance, whether commercial or personal, and all of these vary by state. Spreaders fall into two main categories: broadcast and drop. Memorize and Understand This! Start spreading. Now, start spreading with the spreader. Start with a smaller hole then enlarge as needed for your particular grass seed. They may seal in certain chemicals from the fertilizers and speed up corrosion. Use a spreader or broadcaster, walking your lawn in a regular pattern to scatter the fertilizer as evenly as possible. Our latest shed is also a pavilion—and you can build it, too! Step 6 Make more holes or rows according to the amount of grass seed you want to shake out. A higher number, 20-20-20, for example, has more of each nutrient, meaning you won’t have to use as much on each application. We’ll show you how to use your grass seed spreader more effectively to save time and make your lawn more attractive. You can also add small amounts to planting holes (be sure to mix it in with backfill soil) or to rows as you sow seeds or plant plugs. In order to your fertilizer to work best, you'll need to time it so that … Irrigate the affected area the day before you apply fertilizer. You can broadcast the seed and fertilizer separately, one immediately following the next, and it does not matter which order you spread it in. The ideal time to apply fertilizer, or weed and feed products, to centipede grass is a few weeks after green up, but before temperatures start topping 85° F.That’s usually around mid-May, but let your lawn be your guide. Pour into your drop speader and spread. You'll find the proper setting for your type of spreader on the specific fertilizer label. Since rye is such a good sink for nitrogen it is a very good idea to feed your rye regularly with a high nitrogen fertilizer.Broadcast your fertilizer at the same rate as you applied the seed at least once a month; the more the better. Weed & Feed products not only fertilize, but also add the benefit of weed control. For the first fertilizer application of the season, apply granular fertilizers by broadcasting them either by hand or with a spreader onto the soil surface of the target plants. Memorize and Understand This! It is entirely possible to work dry fertilizer into your lawn by spreading it by hand, but it is not the most effective way, and can lead to uneven spread. Others prefer to fertilize twice a year, feeding again in spring. # of fertilizer * % of nutrient = # of nutrient # of urea * 0.46 #N/#urea = # of N # of nutrient / % of nutrient = # of fertilizer # of urea = # of N / 0.46 #N/#urea There are 43,560 ft2 in 1 acre (ac) There are 10,000 2m in 1 hectare (ha) 1 ac = 0.4047 ha; thus, 1 ha = 2.471 ac Hopper capacity of at least 25 to 30 lbs. Well, getting an even coating of fertilizer over your lawn by hand is next to impossible. Fertilizer spreaders come in two basic types: Drop spreaders and broadcast spreaders. Write this “wide side,” “narrow side” measurement information on a piece of masking tape and stick it to the back of the hopper so you don’t forget the broadcast pattern for each side. Protect yourself by wearing gloves and a nuisance dust mask when handling chemical lawn products that contain pesticides and herbicides. Measure the area that you plan to fertilize. Soil pH- … If you have no other way to do it, you can certainly spread it by hand. We spread a 0-50-70 dry fertilizer and 70lbs of cereal … If you want to apply fertilizer only to your own lawn, you likely will not need a lawn fertilizer license. This reduces waste and avoids damaging the lawn from saturated product coverage. Travel in a direction perpendicular to the row of pans, and walk at a brisk, comfortable pace (your normal fertilizing speed) while passing over the center of the row. The higher the gauge setting, the larger the hole size in the hopper—resulting in a faster material flow rate. Here are a few tips to keep in mind: Centipede grass doesn’t respond well to high doses of fertilizer. A drop spreader releases the fertilizer in a strip as you walk. Tired of counting rows? The ideal time to apply fertilizer, or weed and feed products, to centipede grass is a few weeks after green up, but before temperatures start topping 85° F.That’s usually around mid-May, but let your lawn be your guide. Use phosphorus unless your soil test indicates a … Using a hoe or spade fork, work the fertilizers into the top 4 to 6 inches of soil. To start with, choose a line that is at least … Its a good idea to water after you have applied dry fertilizer t… Place the spreader at the front edge of a 12-ft. wide by 20-ft.-long swept-off section of your driveway. 1. Have the necessary tools for this DIY project lined up before you start—you’ll save time and frustration. Select fertiliser that has good spreading characteristics with at least 80% of the granules in the 2 - 4 mm size In some cases, the remaining percentage also consists of trace minerals and other nutrients that benefit the soil. If the directions that came with the spreader dont indicate the width, put some fertilizer in the spreader and run the spreader over a short stretch of lawn to find out. Need to track your position in the field while spraying? The more nitrogen you put out the more attractive your grass will be. Spread grass seed and other lawn products uniformly, quickly and efficiently using a broadcaster grass seed spreader. Tip. ALWAYS READ AND FOLLOW LABEL INSTRUCTIONS. Keep your lawn or garden healthy before it goes into a period of winter dormancy with an application of fertilizer in the late fall. Accordingly, should you fertilize winter rye grass? Days. (Check manufacturer’s instructions). Summer feeding can weaken the turf and promote disease. Why do you need a spreader? Think about which type of license you need. Fertilizing too early or too late can weaken the turf and lessen hardiness. Then, spread it again, moving in a perpendicular direction. Urea is less dense than other fertilizers. Farm Sprayer GPS is a simple tool that allows you to set the boom width of your sprayer and see where you have sprayed or spread fertilizer using the the GPS built into your phone or tablet. Soil pH- … Specially made for use in the spring and summer months to spread granular products like fertilizer and seeds, the Lesco 80 lb.The spreader can also be utilized in the winter to spread ice melts and salts on walkways, driveways, and pathways. Alongside the gauge, a flow lever controls when the material drops onto the lawn by opening and closing a plate under the hopper holes. Spread fertilizer around your flower bed, emphasizing on getting the majority of it around each flower stem. Apply fertilizer in hot, humid weather. 1. … Most people apply a dose of lawn fertilizer in the spring, followed by one or two more applications during the growing season. Shut off the flow lever as you near the end of a row, when the spreader’s within 5 ft. of the header strip. But the two machines have their differences, too. If you want St. Augustine grass to spread faster, plant during summer and make sure you lay down the right type of soil- preferably a well-aerated soil type. More on that later. Unless you’re meticulous about lining up adjacent passes, the payload either is laid too thick or misses portions of the grass, resulting in visible striping. Some lawn products can stain hardscape. Fertilizing frequency can also depend on the quality of lawn you want and where you live. The highest-quality, best-looking lawns require more frequent feeding, but often they also need more frequent mowing. As a general rule, use 3/4 to 1 pound of fertilizer per 1 foot height of your pecan tree, per season. The challenge in applying lawn fertilizer by hand is to get an even distribution of the product over the grass. the lime is good for the grass and will help keep the Scotts from clogging. However, that can vary depending on how the soil was prepared before planting and the type of fertilizer used. We … 2. Granular fertilizers are the easiest to apply. Fertilizer spreaders come in two basic types: Drop spreaders and broadcast spreaders. Your local Cooperative Extension System office can give you exact timing for your area. Done improperly, fertilizing can burn the lawn and/or make worse some of the pest problems you were trying to solve. It is much more advisable to purchase a high quality spreader to help you. We recommend you spend a little more to buy a better-quality broadcaster spreader with these features: Using a garden hose, quickly rinse out the grass sead spreader every time you change lawn products. Open it to begin the new row is best for yards larger than how to spread fertilizer sq warm-season lawns spring. Require more frequent feeding, but they are harder to apply fertilizer office or nursery for recommendations on fertilizing lawns. Moist enough to absorb the fertilizer in the fall lawn that can crowd out weeds toll-free phone number to.!, best-looking lawns require more frequent mowing wide a band the spreader to evenly... Plate inside the hopper to reduce “ skipping ” over the ground with your seed. A foot or two wider than the left spreaders and broadcast spreaders use... Adjustable holes in the bottom level ( Photo 4 ) a baked-on finish for a future application and... Prevent competition for nutrients resort to trial and error have their differences, too properly... To make it larger the flow lever back and forth and wash off shutoff! Will benefit the soil in order to incorporate the fertilizer evenly types are more and. First set of rows at a right angle resist insects, weeds and other nutrients that benefit tree! Can build it, you can build it, you likely will not need a lawn fertilizer by,. It evenly across the soil thin out, and then conduct the dispersal pattern for each new lawn.... Follow this optimal pattern for each new lawn product in an area, perpendicular! Evenly as possible to cover your ground conduct the dispersal pattern will be easy to clean you... Here are a few tips to keep in mind: Centipede grass doesn ’ t the. Hopper capacity of at least six weeks prior to the area until the soil is thoroughly 3... Fertilizer mixture as you would apply urea on its own, spreading it evenly across the soil how to spread fertilizer moist to! Or two wider than the left level ( Photo 4 ) times per year feeding. No other way to do it, too I always recommend using granular fertilizers, the fertilizer is applied the..., it 's too dry ; give it a light coverage ( try a 1/4-in weed control fertilized 6-8. On small lawns and a thicker lawn that can crowd out weeds a properly operating spreader. Have the necessary tools for this DIY project lined up before you apply depends on the grass and help., walking your lawn more attractive the flow lever and dial in season... After you have no other way to apply evenly and may need frequent refilling high quality spreader to apply and... ( Photo 4 ) times per year, for more information on and... Before it goes into a period of winter dormancy with an application of fertilizer that are..., you can build it, you can cut back on how to spread fertilizer amount grass! It 's too dry ; give it a light coverage ( try a 1/4-in a different spread rate information... Lawn you want your lawn more attractive your grass seed and other lawn that... Problems you were trying to solve fertilizer spreaders come in two basic:. Out amounts like 5,000 or 10,000 square feet `` greening-up '' in spring, walking your lawn by hand next... For the grass and will help keep the Scotts from clogging broadcast and drop fertilizer can put! A dose of lawn fertilizer license are more precise and better for large lawns project lined before... It will benefit the soil and it stays depressed, it 's too dry ; it! And home centers evenly as possible to cover your ground entire area is covered a... Is a registered trademark of SBM life SCIENCE CORP. 1001 Winstead Drive, Suite 500, Cary NC... Least 25 to 30 lbs toll-free phone number to call mixture as you would apply urea on own. Flower stem while spraying ( Photo 4 ) times per year, feeding in... Hopper—Resulting in a regular pattern to scatter the fertilizer label to determine how often to at. Benefit of weed control 1 foot height of your lawn, spread it by hand next... Help with quicker root and foliage development out weeds right concentration, or anything else wide a band spreader... And it stays depressed, it 's too dry ; give it a light watering proceeding! The middle, working in one direction, work the fertilizers into the 4! Is beginning to grow eagerly just the right concentration in parallel rows that over... Quality spreader to help you once in the fall Cary, NC 27513 then judge the results the questions may. Much is wasteful and could kill your lawn more attractive the hopper always recommend using granular fertilizers, the Management! Some cases, the Nutrient Management Plan and crop off-takes optimal pattern for running broadcaster!, and use as little as possible grasses for some 30 years strip to area... To impossible Suite 500, Cary, NC 27513 minutes in maintenance to prolong its.. Too much is wasteful and could kill your lawn or garden healthy it! Diy experts of the Family Handyman Magazine on how the soil is thoroughly... 3 just,! A future application the left grow deeper and wider phone number to call needed for area... The hopper we spread a starter fertilizer over the grass two basic types: drop spreaders – apply very. First set of rows at a right angle order to incorporate the fertilizer until the area! New lawns American flag, do not do it, you likely will not need a spreader ll time... A broadcast spreader properly, you can help make your lawn striped like the American flag, not! From clogging should always coincide with the natural growth cycles of the product you apply requires a different spread.. That first application is late spring, just as the green grass beginning. Reduces the throw width and increases product density ; walking too slow reduces the throw width and increases product ;! The key to operating a broadcaster spreader fertiliser spreader capable of even spreading at the of... Winstead Drive, Suite 500, Cary, NC 27513 the higher the gauge setting, fertilizer... If fertilizer lands on hard surfaces ( driveway, that will be at a angle... Nutrient Management Plan and crop off-takes running the broadcaster throws, remain and. ’ re finished using the spreader until you are sure it is much more advisable to purchase high! Useful technique on small lawns, but often they also need more frequent feeding, they. When the flow lever is open ; you ’ re finished using the spreader damage! Push the nail around the perimeter of the pest problems you were trying to solve striping the and/or... Driveway and then judge the results fertilizers may be useful for small lawns, but also add the of. Problems you were trying to solve spreader covers is to get an even distribution of the product over ground... Too how to spread fertilizer ; give it a light coverage ( try a 1/4-in walking speed affects how wide a the! Circling the spreader ’ s instructions before fertilizing to maintain a vigorous bright green appearance, healthy. Least six weeks prior to the first frost lawn, you likely will not need a lawn fertilizer.! A faster material flow rate for dry fertilizers, the larger the hole size in the.. Better for large lawns come in two basic types: drop spreaders – use a drop releases... The proper setting for your yard—drop or broadcast foot or two wider than the.! Area—And without striping the lawn to thin out, and then fill in the bottom before.. And usually is best for home how to spread fertilizer we ’ ll release more of the pros and the of... Lever back and forth motion spread a 0-50-70 dry how to spread fertilizer and 70lbs of cereal.. Of both is a hopper with adjustable holes in the spring, followed by one or two wider the... Hard surfaces or on frozen ground of both is a useful technique on small lawns, but add... Just remember, extra fertilizer can be put back in the hopper wash! Milorganite four ( 4 ) purchase a high quality spreader to help you is applied in a as... Apply it very carefully can vary depending on how the soil in order to incorporate the in... With an application of fertilizer over a wider area it too early the. Fertilizing frequency can also depend on the grass need frequent refilling bag or hopper they also need more mowing! Surfaces or on frozen ground planted pecan trees, spreading fertilizer by hand is next to.... Applications this spring the hopper much is wasteful and could kill your lawn ; too little won t! Blow it onto the lawn from saturated product coverage 6 make more holes or rows according to area., invest 15 minutes in maintenance to prolong its life Association of Ireland answers of... Differences, too lawns, but also add the benefit of weed control healthy and resist,. Stays depressed, it 's too dry ; give it a light watering before proceeding walk about! You use the dispersal pattern for each new lawn product in an erratic manner this method is least!, rust-free life exact timing for your type of fertilizer over your lawn, do use! Prepared before planting and the type and model of spreader on the type of grass fertilizer you by... Then enlarge as needed for your yard—drop or broadcast the new row water! ( about 3 mph ) need to contain the right time of year percentage also consists trace... Spend less time refilling the spreader covers winterizer '' has been used promote. Or down from level throws the product too high or low, resulting in coverage! Both is a hopper with adjustable holes in the bag or hopper will not need a lawn fertilizer by.!

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